Therapeutic antitumor efficacy of anti-CD137 agonistic monoclonal antibody in mouse models of myeloma.
ABSTRACT Eradication of post-treatment residual myeloma cells is needed to prevent relapses, and immunostimulatory monoclonal antibodies (mAb) such as anti-CD137, CTLA-4, CD40, etc., which enhance the immune response against malignancies, represent a means of achieving this purpose. This study explores anti-CD137 mAbs for multiple myeloma treatment in preclinical models of the disease because they safely augment tumor immunity and are in clinical trials for other cancers.
The antitumor effect of anti-CD137 mAb on mouse plasmacytomas derived from HOPC and NS0 cell lines was studied and compared with that of anti-CTLA-4, anti-CD40, and anti-ICAM-2 mAbs. The antitumor effect of anti-CD137 mAb was also examined in a mouse syngeneic disseminated myeloma (5TGM1) model, which more closely resembles human multiple myeloma. Depletions of specific cell populations and gene-targeted mice were used to unravel the requirements for tumor rejection.
Agonistic mAb against CD137 and blocking anti-CTLA-4 mAb showed activity against i.p. HOPC tumors, resulting in extended survival of mice that also became immune to rechallenge. Anti-CD137 mAbs induced complete eradications of established s.c. NS0-derived tumors that were dependent on IFN-gamma, natural killer cells, and CD8(+) T lymphocytes. Natural killer cells accumulated in tumor draining lymph nodes and showed increased IFN-gamma production. Antitumor efficacy of anti-CD137 mAb was preserved in CD28-deficient mice despite the fact that CD28 signaling increases the expression of CD137 on CD8(+) T cells. Importantly, anti-CD137 mAb treatment significantly decreased systemic tumor burden in the disseminated 5TGM1 model.
The immune-mediated antitumor activity of anti-CD137 mAb in mouse models holds promise for myeloma treatment in humans.
Article: Signaling through NK cell-associated CD137 promotes both helper function for CD8+ cytolytic T cells and responsiveness to IL-2 but not cytolytic activity.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: NK cells possess both effector and regulatory activities that may be important during the antitumor immune response. In fact, the generation of antitumor immunity by the administration of an agonistic mAb against CD137 is NK cell-dependent. In this study, we report that NK cells could be induced by IL-2 and IL-15 to express CD137 and ligation of CD137-stimulated NK cell proliferation and IFN-gamma secretion, but not their cytolytic activity. Importantly, CD137-stimulated NK cells promoted the expansion of activated T cells in vitro, demonstrating immunoregulatory or "helper" activity for CD8(+)CTL. Furthermore, tumor-specific CTL activity against P815 tumor Ags was abrogated following anti-CD137 treatment in NK-depleted mice. We further demonstrate that CD137-stimulated helper NK cells expressed the high-affinity IL-2R and were hyperresponsive to IL-2. Taken together with previous findings that CD137 is a critical receptor for costimulation of T cells, our findings suggest that CD137 is a stimulatory receptor for NK cells involved in the crosstalk between innate and adaptive immunity.The Journal of Immunology 11/2002; 169(8):4230-6. · 5.79 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Techniques for modulating immune cells for cancer therapy have been widely studied. One key approach that is being clinically tested is developing tumor-destructive cell-mediated immune responses by regulating co-stimulatory molecules. 4-1BB (CD137), a member of the TNF receptor family, is expressed following activation of T and NK cells. Recently, it has been reported that DCs also express 4-1BB. Cross-linking of 4-1BB provides a potent co-stimulatory signal for lymphocytes via signal transduction pathways that modulate a number of cellular responses. One remarkable response is stimulation of anti-tumor activity in vivo and in vitro. We here review the potential role of 4-1BB in cancer immunotherapy focusing on the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved.Current Cancer Drug Targets 09/2005; 5(5):357-63. · 4.33 Impact Factor