Transiting exoplanets from the CoRoT space mission. XX. CoRoT-20b: A very high density, high eccentricity transiting giant planet

Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Marseille, 38 rue Frédéric Joliot-Curie, 13388, Marseille Cedex 13, France; IAG, Universidade de São Paulo, Brazil; Institute of Planetary Research, German Aerospace Center, Rutherfordstrasse 2, 12489, Berlin, Germany; Observatoire de Haute Provence, 04670, Saint Michel l'Observatoire, France; Institut d'Astrophysique de Paris, 98bis boulevard Arago, 75014, Paris, France; Observatoire de la Côte d' Azur, Laboratoire Cassiopée, BP 4229, 06304, Nice Cedex 4, France; Department of Physics, Denys Wilkinson Building Keble Road, Oxford, OX1 3RH, UK; Observatoire de l'Université de Genève, 51 chemin des Maillettes, 1290, Sauverny, Switzerland; LESIA, Obs de Paris, Place J. Janssen, 92195, Meudon Cedex, France; Institut d'astrophysique spatiale, Université Paris-Sud 11 & CNRS (UMR 8617; Department of Physics and Astronomy, Aarhus University, 8000, Aarhus C, Denmark; Research and Scientific Support Department, ESTEC/ESA, PO Box 299, 2200 AG, Noordwijk, The Netherlands; Instituto de Astrofisica de Canarias, 38205 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain; Universidad de La Laguna, Dept. de Astrofísica, 38200 La Laguna, Tenerife, Spain; University of Vienna, Institute of Astronomy, Türkenschanzstr. 17, 1180, Vienna, Austria; University of Liège, Allée du 6 août 17, Sart Tilman, Liège 1, Belgium; Thüringer Landessternwarte, Sternwarte 5, Tautenburg 5, 07778, Tautenburg, Germany; Space Research Institute, Austrian Academy of Science, Schmiedlstr. 6, 8042, Graz, Austria; Wise Observatory, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, 69978, Israel; School of Physics and Astronomy, Raymond and Beverly Sackler Faculty of Exact Sciences, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; LUTH, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, Université Paris Diderot, 5 place Jules Janssen, 92195, Meudon, France
Astronomy and Astrophysics (Impact Factor: 4.48). 01/2012; 538:145. DOI: 10.1051/0004-6361/201117681
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We report the discovery by the CoRoT space mission of a new giant
planet, CoRoT-20b. The planet has a mass of 4.24 ± 0.23
MJup and a radius of 0.84 ± 0.04 RJup. With
a mean density of 8.87 ± 1.10 g cm-3, it is among the
most compact planets known so far. Evolutionary models for the planet
suggest a mass of heavy elements of the order of 800 M⊕
if embedded in a central core, requiring a revision either of the planet
formation models or both planet evolution and structure models. We note
however that smaller amounts of heavy elements are expected by more
realistic models in which they are mixed throughout the envelope. The
planet orbits a G-type star with an orbital period of 9.24 days and an
eccentricity of 0.56.The star's projected rotational velocity is vsini =
4.5 ± 1.0 km s-1, corresponding to a spin period of
11.5 ± 3.1 days if its axis of rotation is perpendicular to the
orbital plane. In the framework of Darwinian theories and neglecting
stellar magnetic breaking, we calculate the tidal evolution of the
system and show that CoRoT-20b is presently one of the very few
Darwin-stable planets that is evolving toward a triple synchronous state
with equality of the orbital, planetary and stellar spin periods.

The CoRoT space mission, launched on December 27th 2006, has been
developed and is operated by CNES, with the contribution of Austria,
Belgium, Brazil, ESA (RSSD and Science Programme), Germany, and Spain.

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    ABSTRACT: Context: CoRoT is a pioneering space mission whose primary goals are stellar seismology and extrasolar planets search. Its surveys of large stellar fields generate numerous planetary candidates whose lightcurves have transit-like features. An extensive analytical and observational follow-up effort is undertaken to classify these candidates. Aims: The list of planetary transit candidates from the CoRoT LRa01 star field in the Monoceros constellation towards the Galactic anti-center is presented. The CoRoT observations of LRa01 lasted from 24 October 2007 to 3 March 2008. Methods: 7470 chromatic and 3938 monochromatic lightcurves were acquired and analysed. Instrumental noise and stellar variability were treated with several filtering tools by different teams from the CoRoT community. Different transit search algorithms were applied to the lightcurves. Results: Fifty-one stars were classified as planetary transit candidates in LRa01. Thirty-seven (i.e., 73 % of all candidates) are "good" planetary candidates based on photometric analysis only. Thirty-two (i.e., 87 % of the "good" candidates) have been followed-up. At the time of this writing twenty-two cases have been solved and five planets have been discovered: three transiting hot-Jupiters (CoRoT-5b, CoRoT-12b, and CoRoT-21b), the first terrestrial transiting planet (CoRoT-7b), and another planet in the same system (CoRoT-7c, detected by radial velocity survey only). Evidences of another non-transiting planet in the CoRoT-7 system, namely CoRoT-7d, have been recently found.
    Astronomy and Astrophysics 10/2011; 538(2012). · 4.48 Impact Factor

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