Article

Reduced Immunogenic Potential of Membrane Filtered Bovine Thrombin Preparations for Hemostatic Application

Department of Pathology, Loyola University Medical Center, Maywood, Illinois 60153, USA.
Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis (Impact Factor: 1.58). 11/2008; 15(1):32-40. DOI: 10.1177/1076029608322550
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT There is concern that exposure to bovine thrombin can result in the development of antibodies, usually against factor V/Va, which can lead to hemostatic abnormalities. It is thought that purer preparations of bovine thrombin might be less immunogenic. Utilizing newer methods including a membrane filtration step, bovine crude thrombin is further purified into thrombin 4A and 4B preparations which exhibit a higher specific activity and are devoid of some of the protein contaminants. Bovine crude thrombin and its purified versions were administered intravenously to individual groups of rabbits using standard immunologic protocols. Antiserum was drawn from each rabbit and the pooled antisera were purified to obtain the IgGs using protein G affinity columns. The results suggest that the reported purification process, including filtration, resulted in the removal of most of the antigens found in crude thrombin, and that none of these preparations generated any detectable antibodies against bovine factor V related antigens.

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