Gene expression profiling of pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma identifies new biologic insights with potential diagnostic and therapeutic applications.
ABSTRACT We conducted comprehensive gene expression profiling (GEP) of primary pulmonary mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma (n = 33) and compared the results to GEP of other B- and T-cell lymphomas and normal lymphocytes to identify novel markers and deregulated pathways. MALT has a prominent T-cell signature and a marginal zone/memory B-cell profile. Four novel transcripts were specifically overexpressed in MALT, and 2 of these, MMP7 and SIGLEC6, were validated at the protein level. GEP also revealed distinct molecular subsets in MALT. One subset, characterized by MALT1 translocations, showed overexpression of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-KB) pathway genes but also was enriched for chemokine signaling pathways. Another subset showed increased plasma cells and a prominent plasma cell gene signature. By analyzing several genes with very high ("spiked") expression in individual cases, we identified clusters with different biologic characteristics, such as samples with MALT1 translocations having high expression of MALT1 and RARA, samples with plasmacytic differentiation having high FKBP11 expression, and samples with high RGS13 expression tending to have trisomy 3 and reactive follicles. In conclusion, MALT subgroups with distinct pathologic features defined by distinct groups of deregulated genes were identified. These genes could represent novel diagnostic and therapeutic targets.
- SourceAvailable from: Roberto Biassoni[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this study, by the generation of a specific monoclonal antibody, we identified p75/AIRM1 (for adhesion inhibitory receptor molecule 1), a novel inhibitory receptor that is mostly confined to human natural killer cells. p75/AIRM1 is a 75-kD glycoprotein that, upon sodium pervanadate treatment, becomes tyrosine phosphorylated and associates to src homology 2 domain-bearing protein tyrosine phosphatase (SHP)-1. The p75/AIRM1 gene is located on human chromosome 19 and encodes a novel member of the sialoadhesin family characterized by three immunoglobulin-like extracellular domains (one NH(2)-terminal V-type and two C2-type) and a classical immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM) in the cytoplasmic portion. The highest amino acid sequence similarity has been found with the myeloid-specific CD33 molecule and the placental CD33L1 protein. Similar to other sialoadhesin molecules, p75/AIRM1 appears to mediate sialic acid-dependent ligand recognition.Journal of Experimental Medicine 10/1999; 190(6):793-802. · 13.21 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) mediate homeostasis of the extracellular environment. They have multiple signalling activities that are commonly altered during tumorigenesis and that might serve as intervention points for anticancer drugs. However, there are many criteria to consider in validating MMPs as drug targets and for the development of MMP inhibitors. The inhibition of some MMPs could have pro-tumorigenic effects (making them anti-targets), counterbalancing the benefits of target inhibition. These effects might partially account for the failure of MMP inhibitors in clinical trials. What are the major challenges in MMP target validation and MMP-inhibitor-drug development?Nature reviews. Cancer 04/2006; 6(3):227-39. · 35.00 Impact Factor
Article: Highly parallel genomic assays.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Recent developments in highly parallel genome-wide assays are transforming the study of human health and disease. High-resolution whole-genome association studies of complex diseases are finally being undertaken after much hypothesizing about their merit for finding disease loci. The availability of inexpensive high-density SNP-genotyping arrays has made this feasible. Cancer biology will also be transformed by high-resolution genomic and epigenomic analysis. In the future, most cancers might be staged by high-resolution molecular profiling rather than by gross cytological analysis. Here, we describe the key developments that enable highly parallel genomic assays.Nature Reviews Genetics 09/2006; 7(8):632-44. · 41.06 Impact Factor