Enhanced mass on contrast-enhanced breast MR imaging: Lesion characterization using combination of dynamic contrast-enhanced and diffusion-weighted MR images.
ABSTRACT To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of a combination of dynamic contrast-enhanced MR imaging (DCE-MRI) and diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DWI) in characterization of enhanced mass on breast MR imaging and to find the strongest discriminators between carcinoma and benignancy.
We analyzed consecutive breast MR images in 270 patients; however, 13 lesions in 93 patients were excluded based on our criteria. We analyzed tumor size, shape, margin, internal mass enhancement, kinetic curve pattern, and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values. We applied univariate and multivariate analyses to find the strongest indicators of malignancy and calculate a predictive probability for malignancy. We added the corresponding categories to these prediction probabilities for malignancy and calculated diagnostic accuracy when we consider category 4b, 4c, and 5 lesions as malignant and category 4a, 3, and 2 lesions as benign. In a validation study, 75 enhancing lesions in 71 patients were examined consecutively.
Irregular margin, heterogeneous internal enhancement, rim enhancement, plateau time-intensity curve (TIC) pattern, and washout TIC pattern were the strongest indicators of malignancy as well as past studies, and ADC values less than 1.1x10(-3) mm2/s were also the strongest indicators of malignancy. In a validation study, sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value, and accuracy were 92% (56/61), 86% (12/14), 97% (56/58), 71% (12/17), and 91% (68/75), respectively.
The combination of DWI and DCE-MRI could produce high diagnostic accuracy in the characterization of enhanced mass on breast MR imaging.
- SourceAvailable from: PubMed Central[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) is a highly diagnostic factor in discriminating malignant and benign breast masses in diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI). The combination of ADC and other pictorial characteristics has improved lesion type identification accuracy. The objective of this study was to reassess the findings on an independent patient group by changing the magnetic field from 1.5-Tesla to 3.0-Tesla.BMC Cancer 05/2014; 14(1):366. · 3.33 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: To assess if the application of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) obviates unnecessary MR-guided biopsies in suspicious breast lesions visible only on contrast-enhanced MRI (CE-MRI). This institutional review board (IRB)-approved, retrospective, single-centre study included 101 patients (mean age, 49.5; SD 13.9 years) who underwent additional DWI at 1.5 T prior to MRI-guided biopsy of 104 lesions classified as suspicious for malignancy and visible on CE-MRI only. An experienced radiologist, blinded to histopathologic and follow-up results, measured apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values obtained from DWI. Diagnostic accuracy was investigated using receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis. Histopathology revealed 20 malignant and 84 benign lesions. Lesions were masses in 61 (15 malignant, 24.6 %) and non-masses in 43 cases (five malignant, 11.6 %). Mean ADC values were 1.53 ± 0.38 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s in benign lesions and 1.06 ± 0.27 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s in malignant lesions. ROC analysis revealed exclusively benign lesions if ADC values were greater than 1.58 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s. As a consequence, 29 false-positive biopsies (34.5 %) could have been avoided without any false-negative findings. Both in mass and in non-mass lesions, rule-in and rule-out criteria were identified using flexible ADC thresholds based on ROC analysis. Additional application of DWI in breast lesions visible only on MRI can avoid false-positive, MR-guided biopsies. Thus, DWI should be an integral part of breast MRI protocols. • DWI measurements are a fast and helpful technique for improved breast lesion diagnosis • DWI application in breast lesions visible only on MRI obviates false-positive, MR-guided biopsies • Flexible ADC thresholds provide rule-in and rule-out criteria for breast lesion malignancy.European Radiology 04/2014; · 4.34 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this study is to assess associations between patient characteristics and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of normal breast fibroglandular tissue on diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) at 3 T. MATERIALS AND METHODS. The retrospective study included 103 women with negative bilateral findings on 3-T breast MRI examinations (BI-RADS category 1). DWI was acquired during clinical breast MRI scans using b = 0 and b = 800 s/mm(2). Mean ADC of normal breast fibroglandular tissue was calculated for each breast using a semiautomated software tool in which parenchyma pixels were selected by interactive thresholding of the b = 0 s/mm(2) image to exclude fat. Intrasubject right- and left-breast ADC values were compared and averaged together to evaluate the association of mean breast ADC with age, mammographic breast density, and background parenchymal enhancement. RESULTS. Overall mean ± SD breast ADC was 1.62 ± 0.30 × 10(-3) mm(2)/s. Intrasubject right- and left-breast ADC measurements were highly correlated (R(2) = 0.89; p < 0.0001). Increased breast density was strongly associated with increased ADC (p ≤ 0.0001). Age and background parenchymal enhancement were not associated with ADC. CONCLUSION. Normal breast parenchymal ADC values increase with mammographic density but are independent of age and background parenchymal enhancement. Because breast malignancies have been shown to have low ADC values, DWI may be particularly valuable in women with dense breasts owing to greater contrast between lesion and normal tissue.American Journal of Roentgenology 05/2014; 202(5):W496-502. · 2.90 Impact Factor