Transumbilical Gelport access technique for performing single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS).

Emory Endosurgery Unit, Department of Surgery, Emory University, 1364 Clifton Road, Suite H-127, Atlanta, GA 30322, USA.
Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery (Impact Factor: 2.36). 11/2008; 13(1):159-62. DOI: 10.1007/s11605-008-0737-y
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Single incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) is an area of active research within general surgery. DISCUSSION: A number of procedures, including cholecystectomy, appendectomy, urologic procedures, adrenalectomy, and bariatric procedures, are currently being performed with this methodology. There is, as yet, no standard published technique for single-port access to the peritoneal cavity for SILS. We describe, herein, an access technique utilizing existing instrumentation including a Gelport and wound retractor that is reliable and easy. This technique has been used successfully at our institution for a number of single incision laparoscopic procedures.

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    ABSTRACT: Background The application of single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) in bariatric patients has been limited to less complex procedures. We evaluated the short-term outcomes of SILS sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), compared to a group of well-established minimally invasive techniques. Methods Twenty-eight morbidly obese patients who underwent SILS SG (n = 14) and RYGB (n = 14) were compared to a matched control group composed of 28 cases of conventional laparoscopic surgery (CLS). A single vertical 2.5–3-cm intra-umbilical incision, three-ports placed trans-fascially, and a liver suspension technique were used to perform SILS. Results Both groups were comparable in terms of age (p = 0.96), gender (p = 1.0), type of procedure (p = 1.0), and number of comorbidities (p = 0.63). Two (7 %) SILS patients required placement of one additional port, and no conversions to CLS or open surgery were needed. The estimated blood loss (p = 0.48), operative time (p = 0.33), length of hospital stay (p = 0.79), overall 90-day perioperative complication rate (p = 1.0), and short-term weight loss (p = 0.53) were comparable between the two groups. In terms of pain control, the frequency of patient-controlled analgesia use in both groups was similar. However, the pain score (assessed by visual analog scale) was significantly less for SILS patients on postoperative days 1 (5.0 ± 2.1 vs. 6.5 ± 1.8; p = 0.007) and 2 (4.0 ± 2.0 vs. 5.1 ± 2.4; p = 0.49). Cosmetic satisfaction with the scar was high in the SILS group. No patients required reoperation or readmission during the 90 days after surgery. Conclusion SILS is feasible in carefully selected bariatric patients and results in short-term outcomes comparable to those observed after CLS. Improved pain and cosmesis are potential benefits of SILS.
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