A cyclodecapeptide ligand to vitamin B12.
ABSTRACT Libraries of cyclic decapeptides were screened with vitamin B(12) derivatives to give cyclic peptide ligands incorporating histidine and cysteine as coordinating residues and negatively charged amino acids. Two hits, cyclo-(HisAspGluProGlyIleAlaThrProdGln) and cyclo-(ValAspGluProGlyGluAspCysProdGln) were resynthesized in good yields for solution experiments. The peptides bind aquocobalamin with coordination of His or Cys to the cobalt with high affinities (K(a) approximately 10(5) M(-1)). Additional interactions between the peptide side chains and the vitamin B(12) corrin moiety were determined by studying the (1)H NMR solution structure. The cyclopeptide-cobalamin complex with the histidine residue showed enhanced stability towards cyanide exchange, demonstrating the shielding effect of the ligand on the metal center.