Association between Alcohol Intake and Serum Sex Hormones and Peptides Differs by Tamoxifen Use in Breast Cancer Survivors

New Mexico Tumor Registry, University of New Mexico, MSC 11 6020, Albuquerque, NM 87131-0001, USA.
Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention (Impact Factor: 4.32). 12/2008; 17(11):3224-32. DOI: 10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-08-0171
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To measure the association between alcohol intake and 11 hormones and peptides in postmenopausal breast cancer survivors and to evaluate whether this association differs by tamoxifen use.
Self-reported alcohol intake was assessed via food frequency questionnaire on average 30 months post-breast cancer diagnosis in 490 postmenopausal women from three western states. Concurrently, a fasting blood sample was obtained for assay of estrone, estradiol, free estradiol, testosterone, free testosterone, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEAS), sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG), leptin, C-peptide, insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I), and IGF-binding protein-3. Adjusted means of these hormones and peptides were calculated for categories of alcohol intake, overall and stratified by tamoxifen use.
The association between alcohol intake and serum hormone and peptide levels differed by tamoxifen use. We found statistically significant inverse associations between alcohol intake and both leptin and SHBG values but only among tamoxifen users. In women not using tamoxifen, we found a positive association between alcohol intake and DHEAS but no association in tamoxifen users.
Tamoxifen may modify the association between alcohol intake and serum hormones and peptides. The significant associations found for DHEAS and SHBG are in a direction considered unfavorable for breast cancer prognosis. Postmenopausal breast cancer survivors may benefit from decreasing their alcohol intake.

Download full-text


Available from: Richard Neil Baumgartner, Jun 21, 2015
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Purpose To investigate the association between pre- and postoperative alcohol consumption and risk for early breast cancer events, since the association between alcohol consumption and prognosis in breast cancer patients is unclear. Methods Alcohol consumption was recorded for 934 primary breast cancer patients who underwent breast cancer surgery in Lund, Sweden, between 2002 and 2011 and were followed until December 31st 2012. Clinical data were obtained from medical records and population registries. Pre- and postoperative alcohol consumption was analyzed in relation to risk for early events. Results Median follow-up time was 3.03 years and 100 breast cancer events, 65 distant metastases, and 76 deaths occurred. Compared to no consumption, any preoperative alcohol consumption was weakly associated with lower risk for early events, adjusted HR 0.69 (0.45-1.04), distant metastases, 0.60 (0.36-1.00) and death, 0.62 (0.38-1.01). In the 572 patients without axillary lymph node involvement, any alcohol consumption was not associated with risk for early events. However, in the 360 patients with axillary lymph node involvement, preoperative alcohol consumption was associated with lower risk for early events (adjusted HR 0.43 0.24-0.77; Pinteraction = 0.01). Conclusion Pre- and postoperative alcohol consumption was weakly associated with lower risk for early breast cancer events. The data does not support recommending that all breast cancer patients abstain from low to moderate alcohol consumption.
    SpringerPlus 05/2014; 3:261. DOI:10.1186/2193-1801-3-261
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Evidence is inconsistent regarding whether dietary fat influences sex hormone concentrations. This issue is important for breast cancer survivors since clinical recommendations suggest maintaining low hormone levels primarily via pharmacologic agents. This study examines associations between dietary fat and circulating sex hormones among participants in the Health, Eating, Activity and Lifestyle (HEAL) Study, a cohort of breast cancer survivors (N = 511). During a postdiagnosis interview, detailed data were collected on diet, physical activity, lifestyle habits, and medication use (including tamoxifen). Staff measured height and weight and collected fasting bloods. Multivariate linear regression modeled associations of dietary fat with serum sex hormones. Among women using tamoxifen, we observed modest inverse associations of dietary fat with estrone (P < 0.01), estradiol (P < 0.05), testosterone (P < 0.01), free testosterone (P < 0.01), and DHEA (P < 0.01) for higher vs. lower fat intake; but there was no evidence for a trend. Associations were consistent across measures (percent energy from fat, total, saturated, and polyunsaturated fat), and modest effect modification was observed between fat intake and tamoxifen in relation to hormones. Among women not using tamoxifen, fat intake was not associated with hormone concentrations. Further work is needed to confirm the findings and to understand the clinical implications of these observations.
    Nutrition and Cancer 01/2010; 62(2):164-74. DOI:10.1080/01635580903305359 · 2.47 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nonadherence to adjuvant endocrine breast cancer treatment adversely affects disease-free and overall survival. Clinical predictors of nonadherence may allow for specific interventions to reduce nonadherence and improve survival. The aim was to investigate whether clinical characteristics predict nonadherence. Clinical characteristics and information on adherence were obtained from 417 patients with breast cancer in a population-based prospective cohort from southern Sweden using patient charts, pathology reports, and questionnaires filled out at the 1- and 2-year follow-up visits. At the 1- and 2-year follow-up visits, 36 (8.6%) and 33 (9.7%) patients were nonadherent, respectively. Thirteen of the nonadherent patients declined treatment and were never prescribed endocrine treatment. A body mass index (BMI) < 25 kg/m(2), preoperative current smoking, and drinking alcohol less often than twice a month predicted nonadherence at the 1-year [relative risk (RR), 5.24; 95% confidence interval (CI), 2.75-9.97] and the 2-year visits (RR, 4.07; 95% CI, 2.11-7.84) in patients with at least two of these clinical characteristics. When low histologic grade (I) was added to the model, having at least two of these four clinical characteristics predicted nonadherence at the 1-year (RR, 4.94; 95% CI, 2.46-10.00) and the 2-year visits (RR, 4.74; 95% CI, 2.28-9.87), the two profiles had a sensitivity ranging from 60.6% to 72.7%, whereas the specificity ranged from 68.0% to 78.4%. Nonadherence at the 1-year visit was associated with an increased risk for early breast cancer events (HR, 2.97; 95% CI, 1.08-8.15), adjusted for age and tumor characteristics. In conclusion, two clinical profiles predicted early nonadherence and may allow for targeted interventions to increase adherence if validated in an independent cohort.
    Cancer Prevention Research 03/2012; 5(5):735-45. DOI:10.1158/1940-6207.CAPR-11-0442 · 5.27 Impact Factor