[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hydrogenated fullerenelike carbon (H-FLC) films, with high hardness of 41.7 ± 1.4 GPa and elastic recovery of ∼75.1%, have been uniformly deposited at low temperature by pulse direct current plasma enhanced chemical vapor deposition (pulse DC PECVD). The superior mechanical properties of the H-FLC films are attributed to the unique curvature and interconnection of graphitic basal planes. We propose the fullerenelike structures are formed in the far nonequilibrium pulse plasma environment and stabilized in the sequential fast quenching process. It is expected that the facile deposition of H-FLC films will promote the large-scale low-temperature preparation of engineering protective films for industrial applications.
Journal of Applied Physics 05/2011; 109(10):103303-103303-4. · 2.21 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Non-catalysed growth methodologies of carbon nanomaterial synthesis can represent lower costs and greener approaches and cause less damage to the nanomaterial. During the carbonisation of a polyacrylonitrile-based co-polymer, carbon nanofibres (CNFs) and single- and multi-layer graphenes (SLG and MLG) are generated. The accumulated fragmentation products of the co-polymer coalesce to form CNFs that radiate away from the monolith, whose dimensions are linked to their template growth along crests, which were formed from the out-gassing of volatile products of the polymer during the stabilisation step. The slight shrinkage of the carbonising monolith also leads to exfoliation of larger areas of the surface yielding single- and multi-layered graphenes. These results reveal a potentially useful process for the facile production of carbon nanomaterials.
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