Lipoprotein Lipase HindIII Intronic Polymorphism in a Subset of Iranian Patients with Late-Onset Alzheimer’s Disease
Lipid metabolism is involved in the pathogenesis of late-onset Alzheimer’s disease (LOAD). Lipoprotein lipase (LPL) is a multifunctional enzyme that plays a major role in lipid metabolism; its abnormal function seems to be related, either directly or indirectly, to the pathogenesis of many diseases such as atherosclerosis, coronary artery disease (CAD) and Alzheimer’s disease (AD) . HindIII polymorphism is a common LPL genetic variant shown to increase the risk of LOAD. The present research investigates whether this polymorphism is involved in the pathogenesis of Iranian LOAD patients.
Materials and Methods:
In this case control study ,allele and genotype frequencies for the HindIII polymorphism of the LPL gene in 100 patients affected with LOAD and 100 healthy controls were determined by reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) and compared using the chi-square and Fisher’s exact tests.
LPL H+H+ genotype frequency in LOAD patients was 58%, which was significantly higher than controls (44%). There was a 1.75-fold increased risk for the development of LOAD in carriers of the H+H+ genotype compared to non-carriers (OR=1.75; 95%CI: 1.00-3.07; p=0.048). When adjusted for sex, the H+H+ genotype was more frequent in patients than controls; this difference was more remarkable in males (OR: 1.90; 95% CI: 1.08-3.34; p=0.024). The mean age of disease onset did not differ in patients with the LPL H+H+ genotype compared to unaffected individuals.
This study confirms the association between the H+H+ genotype with LOAD and supports the correlation of this genotype of the LPL gene with risk of developing LOAD in Iranian patients with AD.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Mahdi Zamani, Jun 08, 2015
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ABSTRACT: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by recurrent febrile attacks accompanied by serosal and synovial membrane inflammation. FMF is caused by mutations in the MEFV gene and are found usually among Mediterranean populations, Armenians, Turks, Arabs and Jews. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of MEFV gene mutations among FMF patients in the Azeri Turk population in North-West of Iran. In this descriptive study, 130 FMF patients with Azeri Turk origin were screened for mutations in four exons (2, 3, 5 and10) of MEFV gene. Genomic DNA was extracted from whole blood and entered in ARMS-PCR and PCR-RFLP reactions. When cases were negative in ARMS-PCR and PCR-RFLP, the exons were amplified and subjected to direct sequencing. Our results showed that the most common mutations in this study population was M694V (40.19%) followed by E148Q (17.64%), V726A (13.72%), M680I (12.74%) and M694I (2.94%) mutations. Four new mutations including K618N, K716M, S614F and G136E were identified in our study. The prevalence of five common mutations in our study was highly similar to previous studies analysing the Mediterranean basin populations. Investigation by sequencing also revealed four new variants in the study population. The main genotypephenotype correlation finding was the presence of M694V mutation in homozygote or compound heterozygote state in the patients with renal manifestations.Cell Journal 07/2013; 15(2):152-9. · 0.46 Impact Factor