Intrapartum Heart Rate Ambiguity: A Comparison of Cardiotocogram and Abdominal Fetal Electrocardiogram with Maternal Electrocardiogram
ABSTRACT Objective/Aims: To investigate the presence of signal ambiguity of intrapartum fetal heart rate (FHR) monitoring during delivery by comparing simultaneous cardiotocogram (CTG), abdominal fetal electrocardiogram (ECG) with continuous maternal ECG. Methods: A total of 144 simultaneous CTG (Corometrics(©) 250 series), abdominal fetal ECG (Monica AN24™) and maternal ECG (Monica AN24™) recordings were evaluated. Main Outcome Measures: When the FHR is within 5 bpm of the maternal heart rate (MHR) acquired from the ECG, it is classified as 'MHR/FHR ambiguity'. Statistical analyses were performed with Fisher's exact test and the Wilcoxon signed-rank test. Results: Comparison of abdominal fetal ECG against CTG demonstrates significantly less 'MHR/FHR ambiguity' in both the first stage (mean 0.70 vs. 1.22%, p < 0.001) and second stage of labour (mean 3.30 vs. 6.20%, p < 0.001). Conclusion: Intrapartum FHR monitoring in daily practice via the CTG modality provides significantly more 'MHR/FHR ambiguity' than abdominal fetal ECG, which also provides additional information on the MHR.
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ABSTRACT: Background/Aims: The control of labor pain and the prevention of suffering are major concerns of clinicians and their patients. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of music on labor pain and anxiety, maternal hemodynamics, fetal-neonatal parameters and postpartum analgesic requirement in primiparous women. Methods: Overall, 156 primiparous women who expected vaginal delivery were recruited and randomly assigned to a music group (n = 77) or a control group (n = 79). Women in the music group listened to music during labor. Pain intensity and anxiety level were measured using a visual analogue scale (0-10 cm). The two groups were compared in terms of pain severity, anxiety level, maternal hemodynamics, fetal-neonatal parameters and postpartum analgesic requirement. Results: Mothers in the music therapy group had a lower level of pain and anxiety compared with those in the control group at all stages of labor (p < 0.001). A signiﬁcant difference was observed between the two groups in terms of maternal hemodynamics and fetal heart rate after intervention (p < 0.01). Postpartum analgesic requirement significantly decreased in the music therapy group (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Listening to music during labor has a positive impact on labor pain and anxiety, maternal-fetal parameters and analgesic requirement. © 2014 S. Karger AG, Basel.Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation 09/2014; 78(4). DOI:10.1159/000365085 · 1.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to analyze ST segment analyses (STAN) using simultaneous traditional - gold standard invasive (fetal scalp electrode) and newly available non-invasive abdominal fetal electrocardiography (fECG) during delivery.This was a prospective observational study of non-invasive fetal ECG using 5 abdominally sited electrodes (Monica AN24(TM)) against the traditional fetal scalp electrodes (STAN S31(TM)) on 6 patients. Data were analyzed when the STAN S31(TM) found the baseline and when there was a baseline rise.Successful fECG signal acquisition was achieved in 6/6 (100%) patients. Using the non-invasive fECG, P and QRS waves were seen in all cases, and T waves in 3/6 (50%). ST segment analysis analysis was possible in 6/6 (100%) and 3/6 (50%) using invasive and non-invasive fECG, respectively.This study demonstrates that ST segment analysis is feasible using invasive and non-invasive fECG. Further studies are warranted to confirm the preliminary results and improve ECG morphology of non-invasive fECG.Zeitschrift für Geburtshilfe und Neonatologie 06/2014; 218(3):122-127. DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1375606 · 0.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This review discusses the alternative of using the non-invasive foetal ECG compared with the conventionally used Doppler CTG. Non-invasive abdominal electrocardiograms (ECG) have been approved for clinical routine since 2008; subsequently they were also approved for antepartum and subpartum procedures. The first study results have been published. Non-invasive foetal ECG is especially indicated during early pregnancy, while the Doppler CTG is recommended for the vernix period. Beyond the vernix period no difference has been recorded in the success rate of either approach. The foetal ECG signal quality is independent of the BMI, whereas the success rate of the Doppler CTG is diminished with an increased BMI. During the first stage of labour, non-invasive foetal ECG demonstrates better signal quality; however during the second stage of labour no difference has been identified between the methods.Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde 03/2012; 72(3):211-214. DOI:10.1055/s-0031-1298329 · 0.96 Impact Factor