Binding of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) to their receptor (RAGE) increases oxidative stress and inflammation and may be involved in liver injury and subsequent carcinogenesis. Soluble RAGE (sRAGE) may neutralize the effects mediated by the AGE/RAGE complex. Epidemiologic studies examining sRAGE or AGEs in association with liver cancer are lacking. We examined the associations between prediagnostic serum concentrations of sRAGE or Nϵ-(carboxymethyl)-lysine (CML)-AGE and hepatocellular carcinoma in a case-cohort study within a cohort of 29,133 Finnish male smokers who completed questionnaires and provided a fasting blood sample between 1985 and 1988. During follow-up beginning 5 years after enrollment through April 2006, 145 liver cancers occurred. Serum concentrations of sRAGE, CML-AGE, glucose, and insulin were measured in case subjects and 485 randomly sampled cohort participants. Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) were available in most cases and in a subset of the study population. Weighted Cox proportional hazards regression was used to calculate relative risks (RR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) adjusted for age, years of smoking, and body mass index. sRAGE and CML-AGE concentrations were inversely associated with liver cancer. Further adjustment for glucose and insulin or exclusion of case subjects with chronic HBV or HCV did not change the associations.
Our results support the hypothesis that sRAGE is inversely associated with liver cancer. The findings need confirmation, particularly in populations that include women and nonsmokers. (HEPATOLOGY 2013 ).
"Secreted HMGB1 can be neutralized by administering soluble RAGE as discussed for controlling atherosclerosis  and inflammation . Interestingly, the endogenous levels of soluble RAGE are downregulated in patients with liver cancer , colorectal adenoma , pancreatic cancer [99, 100], lung cancer , and breast carcinoma . However, the status of soluble RAGE in PCa patients is not yet known and warrants further investigation for PCa treatment. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: High mobility group box 1 (HMGB1) was originally discovered as a chromatin-binding protein several decades ago. It is now increasingly evident that HMGB1 plays a major role in several disease conditions such as atherosclerosis, diabetes, arthritis, sepsis, and cancer. It is intriguing how deregulation of HMGB1 can result in a myriad of disease conditions. Interestingly, HMGB1 is involved in cell proliferation, angiogenesis, and metastasis during cancer progression. Furthermore, HMGB1 has been demonstrated to exert intracellular and extracellular functions, activating key oncogenic signaling pathways. This paper focuses on the role of HMGB1 in prostate cancer development and highlights the potential of HMGB1 to serve as a key target for prostate cancer treatment.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: RAGE regulates cellular proliferation in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and the aim of this study was to test the in vitro effect of YHK, a nutraceutical with prior data suggesting its hepatocyte protecting role, in regulating RAGE in the proliferation of HCC cell line HuH7 as well checking also its potential modulation in the expression of the transcriptional factor NF-κB p65. Our study showed that YHK significantly reduced cellular growth in the HuH7 cell line (p<0.05). Moreover, this phytocompound partly reduced gene expression of NF-κB p65 (by 35%, p<0.05). These data suggest that YHK has a potential role as a modulator of RAGE and RAGE-ligands for potential healthy-liver intervention in HCC prevention strategies.
Rejuvenation Research 09/2013; 17(2). DOI:10.1089/rej.2013.1492 · 3.31 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Currently, advanced glycation end product (RAGE) is receiving much attention in carcinogenesis research due to its involvement in cancer progression and metastasis. We therefore sought to examine the association of circulating soluble RAGE (sRAGE) with all types of cancer by a meta-analysis. The PubMed and EMBASE databases were searched before March 1, 2014. Data and study quality were assessed in duplicate. Effect estimates were expressed as weighted mean difference (WMD) and its 95 % confidence interval (CI). Altogether, nine eligible articles including 1,337 cancer patients and 1,839 controls were analyzed. The overall analysis indicated that circulating sRAGE was remarkably reduced by 222.07 pg/ml in cancer patients compared with controls (95 % CI: −373.77 to −70.37; P = 0.004), with heterogeneity and without publication bias. In subgroup analyses, this reduction was weakened yet still significant in prospective studies (WMD = −87.62; 95 % CI: −138.60 to −36.63; P = 0.001) with improved heterogeneity (I
2 = 56.5 %; P = 0.056). Restricting analyses to the large studies (total number of subjects ≥200) identified significant reduction of circulating sRAGE in cancer patients relative to controls (WMD = −231.34; 95 % CI: −450.10 to −12.58; P = 0.038). Further meta-regression analysis showed that smoking status explained some part of heterogeneity for the association of circulating sRAGE with cancer risk (regression coefficient: −67.02; P = 0.046). Our findings demonstrate a protective role of circulating sRAGE in the development of cancer, especially in patients without diabetes mellitus or with normal renal function.
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