Radical treatment of stage IV pancreatic cancer by the combination of cryosurgery and iodine-125 seed implantation.

Ji-Bing Chen, Jia-Liang Li, Wei-Qun Liu, Fei Yao, Jian-Ying Zeng, Central Lab of Guangzhou Fuda Cancer Hospital, Guangzhou 510665, Guangdong Province, China.
World Journal of Gastroenterology (Impact Factor: 2.43). 12/2012; 18(47):7056-62. DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v18.i47.7056
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT To investigate the therapeutic effect of radical treatment and palliative treatment in stage IV pancreatic cancer patients.
81 patients were enrolled in the study. Radical treatment was performed on 51 patients, while 30 patients were put under palliative treatment. The procedural safety and interval survival for stage IV pancreatic cancer (IS-IV) was assessed by almost 2.5 years of follow-ups. The IS-IV of patients under the two kinds of treatment, and the effects of treatment timing and frequency on IS-IV, were compared.
The IS-IV of patients who received radical treatment was significantly longer than those who received palliative treatment (P < 0.001). The IS-IV of patients who received delayed radical or palliative treatment was longer than those who received accordingly timely treatment (P = 0.0034 and 0.0415, respectively). Multiple treatments can play an important role in improving the IS-IV of patients who received radical treatment (P = 0.0389), but not for those who received palliative treatment (P = 0.99).
The effect of radical treatment was significantly more obvious than that of palliative treatment, and multiple radical treatments may contribute more to patients than a single radical treatment.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bladder cancer is the most common malignancy of the urinary tract and in many patients is metastatic at diagnosis. Chemotherapy is the standard treatment for these patients but has serious side effects and in many patients is not tolerated. To avoid the side effects of systemic chemotherapy, patients with late stage bladder cancer have sought cryotherapy in our hospital. We reviewed data for the past 4 years to evaluate the safety and efficiency of percutaneous cryotherapy in 23 patients. Within 3 days after cryosurgery, all complications of bladder cancer (e.g. hematuria, urinary irritation, hypogastralgia, lumbago) had decreased to some degree. No new complications (e.g. bladder perforation) occurred and all complications had disappeared completely after 2 weeks. The progression-free survival (PFS) of these patients was 14±8 months. There was no effect on PFS of tumor location or histopathology; however, differentiation status and tumor size influenced the therapeutic effect of percutaneous cryoablation. In conclusion, percutaneous cryotherapy may be a safe and efficacious therapeutic option in the treatment of metastatic bladder cancer.
    Cryobiology 12/2013; 68(1). DOI:10.1016/j.cryobiol.2013.12.004 · 1.64 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Background Iodine interstitial brachytherapy has been widely reported for treating colorectal cancer (CRC). However, the inhibitory molecular mechanism of iodine-125 (I-125) on CRC has not been reported. Methods To illustrate the inhibitory mechanism of iodine-125 (I-125) on CRC, we established the animal models of CRC via the injection of HCT-8 cells into nude mice. Subsequently, the I-125 granules were implanted into the tumor of the animal model at different dosages. Proliferating cell nuclear antigen and terminal transferase dUTP nick end labeling were used to detect the apoptosis of the tumor cells. Immunohistochemistry SP staining was used to measure the expression of p53 protein. The protein levels were examined with western blot and ELISA. Meanwhile, microvessel density (MVD) was counted by endothelial cells immunostained by anti-CD34 antibody. Results The results showed that I-125 protests against CRC via increasing the protein level of p53 and decreasing the level of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), leading to the decrease of MVD in CRC (P <0.0001). An effective inhibition dosage of I-125 ranged from 0.4 to 0.8 mCi. Conclusions The inhibitory mechanisms of iodine on CRC acted through an increase in the level of p53 and a decrease in the level of VEGF, resulting in a decrease of MVD.
    World Journal of Surgical Oncology 07/2014; 12(1):222. DOI:10.1186/1477-7819-12-222 · 1.20 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Esophageal cancer is common in China. There is a lack of treatment strategies for metastatic esophageal cancer (MEC) after radical surgery on the primary tumor. Cryoablation is an attractive option because tumor necrosis can be safely induced in a minimally invasive manner. This study assessed its therapeutic effect in MEC after failure of radical surgery. One hundred and forty patients met the inclusion criteria from May, 2003 to March, 2011. Comprehensive cryotherapy of multiple metastases was performed on 105 patients; 35 received chemotherapy. No severe complications occurred during or after cryoablation. Overall survival (OS) was assessed according to therapeutic protocol, pathologic type, treatment timing and number of procedures. The OS of patients who received comprehensive cryoablation (44 ± 20 months) was significantly longer than that of those who underwent chemotherapy (23 ± 24 months; P = 0.0006). In the cryotherapy group, the OS for squamous cell carcinoma (45 ± 19 months) was longer than that for adenocarcinoma (33 ± 18 months; P = 0.0435); the OS for timely cryoablation (46 ± 19 months) was longer than that for delayed cryoablation (33 ± 20 months; P = 0.0193); the OS for multiple cryoablation (50 ± 17 months) was longer than that for single cryoablation (37 ± 20 months; P = 0.0172); and the OS for cryo-immunotherapy (56 ± 17 months) was longer than that for cryoablation alone (39 ± 19 months; P = 0.0011). Thus, comprehensive cryotherapy may have advantages over chemotherapy in the treatment of MEC and, in patients with squamous cell carcinoma, supplementary immunotherapy and timely and multiple cryoablation may be associated with a better prognosis.
    Cryobiology 12/2013; 67(3):363–368. DOI:10.1016/j.cryobiol.2013.10.004 · 1.64 Impact Factor