YY1 and a unique DNA repeat element regulates the transcription of mouse CS1 (CD319, SLAMF7) gene.
ABSTRACT CS1 (CD319, CRACC, SLAMF7, novel Ly9) activates NK cell-mediated cytotoxicity and proliferation of B lymphocytes during immune responses. The expression of CS1 is up regulated on B cells in multiple myeloma and systemic lupus erythematosus. In this study we describe the transcriptional regulation of mouse CS1 (mCS1) gene. We show that mCS1 gene transcription is regulated by YY1 (Ying Yang 1) and a unique (AG)(n=36) DNA repeat element. YY1 is known to play a significant role in B cell development by regulating the pro B cell to pre B cell transition. The consensus DNA binding site for YY1 was detected using TRANSFAQ on the mCS1 promoter region. Mutations in the YY1 site led to a significant increase in mCS1 promoter activity indicating that YY1 represses mCS1 transcription. YY1 binds to the mCS1 promoter at the expected site in vivo and in vitro as tested by chromatin immunoprecipitation assays and super-shift EMSA assays respectively. Unique (CT)(n=24) and (AG)(n=36) DNA repeat elements are present on mCS1 promoter that are sensitive to S1 nuclease and engage in DNA triplex structure as confirmed by AFM (atomic force microscopy) imaging. Interestingly, the (AG)(n=36) repeat element enhances mCS1 promoter activity.
SourceAvailable from: Francisco Peñagaricano[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Maternal nutrition exclusively during the periconceptional period can induce remarkable effects on both oocyte maturation and early embryo development, which in turn can have lifelong consequences. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of maternal methionine supplementation on the transcriptome of bovine preimplantation embryos. Holstein cows were randomly assigned to one of two treatments differing in level of dietary methionine (1.89 Met vs. 2.43 Met % of metabolizable protein) from calving until embryo flushing. High quality preimplantation embryos from individual cows were pooled and then analyzed by RNA sequencing. Remarkably, a subtle difference in methionine supplementation in maternal diet was sufficient to cause significant changes in the transcriptome of the embryos. A total of 276 genes out of 10,662 showed differential expression between treatments (FDR <0.10). Interestingly, several of the most significant genes are related to embryonic development (e.g., VIM, IFI6, BCL2A1, and TBX15) and immune response (e.g., NKG7, TYROBP, SLAMF7, LCP1, and BLA-DQB). Likewise, gene set enrichment analysis revealed that several Gene Ontology terms, InterPro entries, and KEGG pathways were enriched (FDR <0.05) with differentially expressed genes involved in embryo development and immune system. The expression of most genes was decreased by maternal methionine supplementation, consistent with reduced transcription of genes with increased methylation of specific genes by increased methionine. Overall, our findings provide evidence that supplementing methionine to dams prior to conception and during the preimplantation period can modulate gene expression in bovine blastocysts. The ramifications of the observed gene expression changes for subsequent development of the pregnancy and physiology of the offspring warrant further investigation in future studies.PLoS ONE 08/2013; 8(8):e72302. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0072302 · 3.53 Impact Factor