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Causas y consecuencias de accidentes químicos ocurridos entre la población civil. Caso: Ciudad de Tapachula, Chiapas, México (2002-2010)

Revista Internacional de Desastres Naturales, Accidentes e Infraestructura Civil 11/2012; 12(2):233-244.

ABSTRACT Resumen: Con el objetivo de conocer el tipo de eventos, las causas, consecuencias, materiales involucrados y frecuencia de accidentes químicos en fuentes fijas y transporte para la zona Sur de México, se realizó un estudio preliminar en la ciudad de Tapachula, Chiapas, usando como fuente de información el registro de eventos registrados por el H. Cuerpo de Bomberos de Tapachula en el período de 2002 a 2010. La información fue analizada aplicando el método de Análisis Histórico de Accidentes (AHA), encontrando que los accidentes químicos constituyen una importante problemática social y de salud en el área de estudio, afectando a la salud humana, propiedades de la población, la infraestructura pública y al medio ambiente. Abstract: A preliminary survey was developed in Tapachula, Chiapas, to identify the types, causes, consequences, materials, and frequency of chemical accidents in the South of Mexico in both transportation and fixed facilities. Information from accidents attended by the Fire Department of Tapachula from 2002 to 2010 was collected and recorded onto a standard coding database, and was subsequently analyzed through HAA (Historical Accidents Analysis). It is found that chemical accidents are an important social and health problem in the study area, causing significant damage to human health, property, public infrastructure and environment.

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