[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of the erysipeloid form of cutaneous leishmaniasis as well as its diagnostic and therapeutic challenges. CASE REPORT: A 63-year-old woman, with no medical history, presented with a one-month history of erythematous nasal swelling. The lesion appeared after an accidental trauma. Erythematous infiltrative plaque was noted on the center of the face. There were also crust formations on the traumatic region. Despite local treatment and oral antibiotherapy, there was no improvement. The diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis was confirmed by positive skin smears. Histopathological examinations of a skin biopsy showed no malignancy. The patient was treated intramuscularly with 10mg/kg per day systemic meglumine antimoniate with partial regression of symptoms. CONCLUSION: The erysipeloid type is a rare and unusual presentation of cutaneous leishmaniasis that often causes late diagnosis. Diagnosis is confirmed by the demonstration of the parasite by skin smear, histopathological examination and polymerase chain reaction. There are various therapeutic options. The evolution is generally favourable.
European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases 01/2011; 128(2):95-7.
[show abstract][hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Cutaneous leishmaniasis is a major world health problem. Diagnosis is suspected on evocative clinical presentation in patients living in or coming from endemic areas. Several methods have been used. The smear is a simple investigation used in endemic regions. The culture enables to identify the specimen. PCR has a high sensitivity. Montenegro's reaction is used in the epidemiological study. Pentavalent antimony derivatives remain the mainstay of systemic treatment. Their efficiency is well established. Their toxicity should be researched. Other treatments can be utilized, such as miltefosine. Local therapy is used in uncomplicated lesions. Injections of the pentavalent antimony derivate, cryotherapy and paromomycin ointmentsis are important options and should be used more frequently in Old World leishmaniasis.
Journal of Dermatological Case Reports 06/2013; 7(2):31-41.
Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.