Comparison of 3 different incisions used for atrial-septal defect closure.

Goztepe Safak Hospital, Cardiovascular Surgery Clinic, Istanbul, Turkey.
Heart Surgery Forum (Impact Factor: 0.63). 02/2008; 11(5):E290-4. DOI: 10.1532/HSF98.20081060
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Surgical closure of atrial-septal defects is now associated with low morbidity and mortality rates. We assessed surgical, cosmetic, and psychological results of 3 different surgical approaches to atrial-septal defect repair.
Study participants were 82 patients who underwent surgery for atrial-septal defect. Mean age was 21 +/- 8 years, and the female:male ratio was 23:59. Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the incision used; group 1 (n = 26), partial lower sternotomy; group 2 (n = 34), right anterolateral thoracotomy via a submammary incision, and group 3 (n = 22), conventional median sternotomy.
There was no operative or late mortality. No significant differences between groups were associated with the surgical technique used. Direct closure was the procedure of choice performed in 53 patients (64.6%). In the remaining patients the repair was performed with a pericardial patch (29 patients, 35.4%). One patient in group 1 required conversion to median sternotomy because transoesophageal echocardiography performed at the operating theater revealed a partial anomalous pulmonary venous connection of right pulmonary veins to the inferior vena cava. This patient was excluded from the study group. All patients were symptom free postoperatively, and control echocardiography revealed a trivial shunt in only 1 patient, with a Qp:Qs ratio of 1.3. Rhythm abnormalities, including atrioventricular block, atrial fibrillation, and flutter, were observed in 7 patients but were found to be unrelated to the surgical incision (P = .3). Cardiopulmonary bypass, cross-clamp, and operative times were longer with minimally invasive approaches; but these differences were not statistically significant. Intensive care unit and hospital stay periods were significantly shorter in groups 1 and 2. During the postoperative follow-up period, patients in groups 1 and 2 showed superior results in satisfaction with their cosmetic outcomes.
With the development of minimally invasive techniques that yield surgical results comparable to those of standard techniques, surgeons have changed their focus from survival to cosmetic and psychological outcomes, especially in the repair of simple cardiac defects. Operations performed via limited skin incisions are surgically safe and provide superior cosmetic and psychological results.

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    ABSTRACT: Anterolateral Minithoracotomy (ALMT) for the radical correction of Congenital Heart Defects is an alternative to Median Sternotomy (MS) due to reduce operative trauma accelerating recovery and yield a better cosmetic outcome after surgery. Our purpose is to conduct whether ALMT would bring more short-term benefits to patients than conventional Median Sternotomy by using a meta-analysis of case-control study in the published English Journal. 6 case control studies published in English from 1997 to 2011 were identified and synthesized to compare the short-term postoperative outcomes between ALMT and MS. These outcomes were cardiopulmonary bypass time, aortic cross-clamp time, intubation time, intensive care unit stay time, and postoperative hospital stay time. ALMT had significantly longer cardiopulmonary bypass times (8.00 min more, 95% CI 0.36 to 15.64 min, p = 0.04). Some evidence proved that aortic cross-clamp time of ALMT was longer, yet not significantly (2.38 min more, 95% CI -0.15 to 4.91 min, p = 0.06). In addition, ALMT had significantly shorter intubation time (1.66 hrs less, 95% CI -3.05 to -0.27 hrs, p = 0.02). Postoperative hospital stay time was significantly shorter with ALMT (1.52 days less, 95% CI -2.71 to -0.33 days, p = 0.01). Some evidence suggested a reduction in ICU stay time in the ALMT group. However, this did not prove to be statistically significant (0.88 days less, 95% CI -0.81 to 0.04 days, p = 0.08). ALMT can bring more benefits to patients with Congenital Heart Defects by reducing intubation time and postoperative hospital stay time, though ALMT has longer CPB time and aortic cross-clamp time.
    Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 05/2012; 7:43. · 0.90 Impact Factor


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