This paper describes the development and evaluation of an innovative application designed to engage children and their parents in weekly asthma self-monitoring and self-management to prompt an early response to deteriorations in chronic asthma control, and to provide their physicians with longitudinal data to assess the effectiveness of asthma therapy and prompt adjustments. The evaluation included 2 iterative usability testing cycles with 6 children with asthma and 2 parents of children with asthma to assess user performance and satisfaction with the application. Several usability problems were identified and changes were made to ensure acceptability of the application and relevance of the content. This novel application is unique compared to existing asthma tools and may shift asthma care from the current reactive, acute care model to a preventive, proactive patient-centered approach where treatment decisions are tailored to patients' individual patterns of chronic asthma control to prevent acute exacerbations.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adherence to inhaled anti-inflammatory therapy and self-management skills are essential parts of the asthma treatment plan to improve asthma control and prevent exacerbations. Whether self-management education improves long-term medication adherence is less clear.
A 24-week prospective, randomized controlled trial was performed to study the effect of self-management education on long-term adherence to inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) therapy and markers of asthma control.
After stabilization on ICS medication during a run-in phase, 95 adults with moderate-to-severe asthma were recruited from a large metropolitan community, and 84 were randomized to individualized self-management education, including self-monitoring of symptoms and peak flow or usual care with self-monitoring alone. The key components of the 30-minute intervention were asthma information, assessment, and correction of inhaler technique; an individualized action plan based on self-monitoring data; and environmental control strategies for relevant allergen and irritant exposures. The intervention was personalized based on pulmonary function, allergen skin test reactivity, and inhaler technique and reinforced at 2-week intervals.
Participants randomized to the self-management intervention maintained consistently higher ICS adherence levels and showed a 9-fold greater odds of more than 60% adherence to the prescribed dose compared with control subjects at the end of the intervention (P = .02) and maintained a 3-fold greater odds of higher than 60% adherence at the end of the study. Perceived control of asthma improved (P = .006), nighttime awakenings decreased (P = .03), and inhaled beta-agonist use decreased (P = .01) in intervention participants compared with control subjects.
Our results show that individualized asthma self-management education attenuates the usual decrease in medication adherence and improves clinical markers of asthma control.
The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 05/2009; 123(4):840-6. DOI:10.1016/j.jaci.2009.01.053 · 11.48 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study assessed the effectiveness, safety, and costs of the Diabetes Tele Management System (DTMS(®); Dr. Jothydev Kesavadev, Jothydev's Diabetes and Research Center, Kerala, India)-based health care in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients in South India.
We conducted a retrospective cohort study using electronic health records in our Center. The study sample comprised T2D patients enrolled in DTMS-based management, 30-75 years old, eligible for a glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) target <6.5% and actively participating in various components of DTMS such as regular reporting of self-monitoring of blood glucose (SMBG) values and dose adjustments via telemedicine. We analyzed HbA1c, lipid profile, and other parameters measured at the first visit and on subsequent physical visits at months 3 and 6 and estimated the incidence of hypoglycemia.
We analyzed records of 1,000 subjects with 6-month follow-up data (mean age, 53.2 ± 9.8 years; 64% male). Patients had an average of 17 ± 2 telemedicine follow-ups and reported 66,745 SMBG values over 6 months. The mean ± SD HbA1c value was 8.5 ± 1.4% at the initial visit and was reduced to 6.3 ± 0.6% at 6 months (P<0.0001). The rate of SMBG values <70 mg/dL was approximately 0.04/patient/month, with 84% patients reporting no hypoglycemia. The recurring extra cost to patient for DTMS, not considering cost of oral drugs and insulin, was equivalent to 9.66 U.S. dollars/month.
DTMS, based on telemedicine follow-up and multidisciplinary care with SMBG-based monitoring, appears to be safe and cost-effective in the intensive treatment of T2D without serious co-morbidities. This system also avoids limitations of a traditional health care such as the need for very frequent physical visits for each and every drug dose adjustment, diet, and exercise advice.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Self-management of hypertension, comprising self-monitoring of blood pressure with self-titration of medication, improves blood pressure control, but little is known regarding the views of patients undertaking it.
To explore patients' views of self-monitoring blood pressure and self-titration of antihypertensive medication.
Qualitative study embedded within the randomised controlled trial TASMINH2 (Telemonitoirng and Self Management in the Control of Hypertension) trial of patient self-management of hypertension from 24 general practices in the West Midlands.
Taped and transcribed semi-structured interviews with 23 intervention patients were used. Six family members were also interviewed. Analysis was by a constant comparative method.
Patients were confident about self-monitoring and many felt their multiple home readings were more valid than single office readings taken by their GP. Although many patients self-titrated medication when required, others lacked the confidence to increase medication without reconsulting with their GP. Patients were more comfortable with titrating medication if their blood pressure readings were substantially above target, but were reluctant to implement such a change if readings were borderline. Many planned to continue self-monitoring after the study finished and report home readings to their GP, but few wished to continue with a self-management plan.
Participants valued the additional information and many felt confident in both self-monitoring blood pressure and self-titrating medication. The reluctance to change medication for borderline readings suggests behaviour similar to the clinical inertia seen for physicians in analogous circumstances. Additional support for those lacking in confidence to implement prearranged medication changes may allow more patients to undertake self-management.
British Journal of General Practice 02/2012; 62(595):e135-42. DOI:10.3399/bjgp12X625201 · 2.29 Impact Factor
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