Persistent colonisation by Helicobacter pylori, and especially by cagA-positive strains, has been related to several health outcomes with effects in opposite directions. Thus, it is important to evaluate its influence on total and category-specific mortality.
We conducted prospective cohort analyses in a nationally representative sample of 9895 participants enrolled in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III to assess the association of H pylori status with all-cause and cause-specific mortality. Analyses for the association of H pylori cagA positivity with mortality were conducted in 7384 subjects with data on H pylori cagA status.
In older people (> 40.1 years), H pylori was not associated with all-cause mortality (HR 1.00; 95% CI 0.84 to 1.18). There was an inverse association of H pylori status with stroke mortality (HR 0.69; 95% CI 0.44 to 1.08), and the inverse association was stronger for H pylori cagA positivity, with the HR of 0.45 (95% CI 0.27 to 0.76). H pylori was also strongly positively related to gastric cancer mortality. After we adjusted p values using the Benjamini-Hochberg false discovery rate method to account for multiple comparisons, these associations remained, and H pylori status was not related to other outcomes.
Our findings suggest that H pylori has a mixed role in human health, but is not a major risk factor for all-cause mortality.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Helicobacter pylori, inhabitant of the gastric mucosa of over half of the world population, with decreasing prevalence in the U.S., has been associated with a variety of gastric pathologies. However, the majority of H. pylori infected individuals remain asymptomatic and negative correlations between H. pylori and allergic diseases have been reported. Comprehensive genome characterization of H. pylori populations from different human host backgrounds including healthy individuals provides the exciting potential to generate new insights into the open question whether human health outcome is associated with specific H. pylori genotypes or dependent on other environmental factors. We report the genome sequences of 65 Helicobacter pylori isolates from individuals with gastric cancer, preneoplastic lesions, peptic ulcer disease, gastritis, and from asymptomatic adults. Isolates were collected from multiple locations in North America (USA and Canada) as well as from Columbia and Japan. The availability of these H. pylori genome sequences from individuals with distinct clinical presentations provides the research community with a resource for detailed investigations into genetic elements that correlate either positively or negatively with the epidemiology, human host adaptation and gastric pathogenesis, and will aid in the characterization of strains that may favor the development of specific pathology, including gastric cancer. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Pathogens and Disease 05/2013; 68(2). DOI:10.1111/2049-632X.12045 · 2.40 Impact Factor
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