Fetal macrosomia greater than or equal to 4000 grams. Comparing maternal and neonatal outcomes in diabetic and nondiabetic women.
ABSTRACT To compare maternal and neonatal outcomes of fetal macrosomia in diabetic and nondiabetic women.
A retrospective case-control study was conducted at Riyadh Military Hospital, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia from January 2004 to December 2006. A total of 766 macrosomic newborns met the inclusion criteria. We compared maternal and neonatal characteristics and outcomes between diabetic (group 1, n=207) and nondiabetic (group 2, n=559) women.
There were significantly more macrosomic newborns in nondiabetic women; 73% versus 27% in diabetic women, p=0.0001. Cesarean deliveries were significantly higher in diabetic women compared to nondiabetic women (30.4% versus 19.5%, p=0.002). There were no significant differences between either group in total maternal morbidity (12.6% versus 14.1%, p=0.7). There were significantly more severe cases of shoulder dystocia occurring in newborns of diabetic women compared to nondiabetic women (1.9% versus 0.2%, p=0.03).
Elective cesarean delivery for estimated fetal weight > or =4500g for nondiabetic women and > or =4250 g for diabetic women may avoid severe shoulder dystocia without increasing maternal morbidity rates.
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ABSTRACT: Fetal macrosomia remains a considerable challenge in current obstetrics due to the fetal and maternal complications associated with this condition. This study was designed to determine the prevalence of fetal macrosomia and associated fetal and maternal morbidity and mortality in the Al Qassim Region of Saudi Arabia. This register-based study was conducted from January 1, 2011 through December 30, 2011 at the Maternity and Child Hospital, Qassim, Saudi Arabia. Macrosomia was defined as birth weight of 4 kg or greater. Malformed babies and those born dead were excluded. The total number of babies delivered was 9241; of these, 418 were macrosomic. Thus, the prevalence of fetal macrosomia was 4.5%. The most common maternal complications were postpartum hemorrhage (5 cases, 1.2%), perineal tear (7 cases, 1.7%), cervical lacerations (3 cases, 0.7%), and shoulder dystocia (40 cases, 9.6%) that resulted in 4 cases of Erb's palsy (0.96%), and 6 cases of bone fractures (1.4%). The rate of cesarean section among women delivering macrosomic babies was 47.6% (199), while 52.4% (219) delivered vaginally. Despite extensive efforts to reduce fetal and maternal complications associated with macrosomia, considerable fetal and maternal morbidity remain associated with this condition.North American journal of medical sciences. 06/2012; 4(6):283-6.