Consistency and Timing of Marital Transitions and Survival During Midlife: the Role of Personality and Health Risk Behaviors
Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, NC, USA, .Annals of Behavioral Medicine (Impact Factor: 4.2). 01/2013; 45(3). DOI: 10.1007/s12160-012-9457-3
BACKGROUND: Marital status is associated with survival. PURPOSE: The aims of this study are to evaluate marital history and timing on mortality during midlife, test the role of pre-marital personality, and quantify the role of health risk behaviors. METHODS: Cox proportional hazard models were run with varying classifications of marital history and sets of covariates. RESULTS: In fully adjusted models compared to the currently married, lifetime marital history predicts premature mortality with never married at 2.33 times risk of death and ever married at 1.64 risk of death. Midlife marital history shows that not having a partner during midlife (hazard ratio (HR) = 3.10 formerly married; HR = 2.59 remaining single) has the highest risk of death. Controlling for personality and health risk behaviors reduces but does not eliminate the impact of marital status. CONCLUSION: Consistency of marital status during midlife suggests that lack of a partner is associated with midlife mortality.
Article: Personality and Physical Health[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In this review, we consider the recent literature on the relations between personality traits and health. We focus largely, though not exclusively, on studies based on the Five Factor Model (FFM) and physical health. We give particular attention to those studies which have moved beyond simple associations between traits with outcomes to consider mediators, moderators and dynamic interactions. These kinds of studies move us away from asking questions relating to if traits are associated with health outcomes, to questions concerning how traits are associated with health outcomes. We consider the roles of new data collection and analytic methods, and the potential for studies of traits and health to inform interventions for improving health at an individual and societal level.03/2015; 5. DOI:10.1016/j.copsyc.2015.03.011
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