Factors Predicting Completion of the Human Papillomavirus Vaccine Series.
ABSTRACT PURPOSE: This study identified factors associated with completion of the three dose quadrivalent human papillomavirus vaccine (HPV4) series by female adolescents. METHODS: Between February and September 2008, we prospectively surveyed 11- to 26-year-old female members of an integrated managed care organization shortly after their first HPV4 dose to identify factors that predicted series completion. We used regression analyses to assess whether self-reported experiences at the index visit, knowledge/attitudes about HPV and HPV4, and medical record data on adverse events, demographic characteristics, care-utilization frequency, and visit characteristics, were associated with vaccine series completion within one year of the first HPV4 dose. RESULTS: Of 899 survey respondents (27% of 3347 survey recipients), 786 (87%) maintained continuous enrollment in the health plan in the year following the first HPV4 dose. Fifty percent (n = 393) completed the vaccine series within that year. In multivariate analyses of survey respondents, only respondents' ability to correctly identify the number of shots required for series completion was significantly associated with series completion. Reported bruising was associated with decreased likelihood of completion, and the clinician stating that future shots were required was associated with increased likelihood, but both were of borderline significance. Females ages 16-20 had the lowest series completion. CONCLUSIONS: Improving HPV4 completion will require targeted efforts. Our results suggest that providers may help by stressing the need for additional doses of vaccine, and confirming that patients understand this information. Special attention should be given to females ages 16-20. Future randomized trials should assess the effect on vaccine completion of these simple, low-cost interventions.
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ABSTRACT: To examine facilitators and barriers to HPV vaccine uptake in African-American, Haitian, Latina, and White women aged 18-22 and to determine vaccination completion rates among participants over 5 years. Using semi-structured interviews and medical record review, we assessed HPV knowledge and attitudes towards HPV vaccination among young women. We then determined their subsequent HPV vaccination initiation and completion rates. We used constructs from the Health Belief Model and methods based in grounded theory and content analysis to identify attitudes towards HPV vaccination cues to initiate vaccination, perception of HPV, and how communication about issues of sexuality may impact vaccine uptake. We enrolled 132 African-American, Haitian, Latina, and White women aged 18-22 years who visited an urban academic medical center and 2 affiliated community health centers between the years 2007 and 2012. Intent to vaccinate and actual vaccination rates. Of 132 participants, 116 (90%) stated that they were somewhat or very likely to accept HPV vaccination if offered by their physician, but only 51% initiated the vaccination over the next 5 years. Seventy-eight percent of those who initiated vaccination completed the 3 doses of the HPV vaccine series. Forty-five percent (45%, n = 50) of the adolescents who started the series completed 3 doses over a 5-year period: 42% of African-American (n = 16), 33% of Haitian (n = 13), 63% of Latina (n = 10), and 65% of White young women (n = 11) completed the 3-dose series. Despite low knowledge, they reported high levels of trust in physicians and were willing to vaccinate if recommended by their physicians. Desire for HPV vaccination is high among older adolescents, physician recommendation, and use of every clinic visit opportunity may improve vaccine uptake in young women. More White young women completed the HPV vaccine series compared with other race and ethnic young women.Journal of pediatric and adolescent gynecology 04/2014; 27(2):83-92. DOI:10.1016/j.jpag.2013.08.011 · 1.81 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination continues to lag behind other adolescent vaccines, especially in areas with pervasive disparities in HPV-related cancers. The purpose of this study was to examine HPV vaccine completion and dosing intervals among low-income adolescents in urban areas. The study included electronic health record data on HPV vaccination for 872 adolescents who received at least one dose of the HPV vaccine. Only 28.4 % completed the 3-dose series. For the whole sample, HPV vaccine completion was higher for non-English speakers and among adolescents seen at Newark-South and East Orange sites. Completion was higher among non-English speaking female and Hispanic adolescents, females seen in Newark-South and East Orange sites, and insured Black adolescents. Completion was also dramatically lower among non-English speaking Black adolescents seen at Newark-North, Irvington, and Orange sites (12.5 %) compared to other Black adolescents (22.0-44.4 %). The mean dosing intervals were 5.5 months (SD = 4.6) between dose 1 and 2 and 10 months (SD = 6.1) between dose 1 and 3. Longer durations between vaccine doses were found among uninsured adolescents and those seen at Newark-North, Irvington, and Orange sites. Non-English speakers had longer duration between dose 1 and 3. Further, durations between dose 1 and 3 were dramatically longer among insured adolescents seen at Newark-North, Irvington, and Orange locations for the whole sample (M = 11.70; SD = 7.12) and among Hispanic adolescents (M = 13.45; SD = 8.54). Understanding how the study predictors facilitate or impede HPV vaccination is critical to reducing disparities in cervical and other HPV-related cancer, especially among Black, Hispanic, and low-income populations.Journal of Community Health 10/2014; DOI:10.1007/s10900-014-9950-7 · 1.28 Impact Factor