Assessment of Ergonomic and Occupational Health-Related Problems Among Female Prawn Seed Collectors of Sunderbans, West Bengal, India

South Calcutta Girls' College, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India. .
International journal of occupational safety and ergonomics: JOSE (Impact Factor: 0.35). 01/2012; 18(4):531-40. DOI: 10.1080/10803548.2012.11076949
Source: PubMed


Sixty female prawn seed collectors and 60 female control subjects from Sajenakhali and Sandeshkhali blocks of Sunderbans, West Bengal, India, were randomly selected to evaluate and compare musculoskeletal disorders and physiological stress. The control group was engaged in domestic work involving minimum handintensive activities. The modified Nordic musculoskeletal questionnaire and rapid entire body assessment were used. Most subjects suffered from discomfort in different body parts, especially in the lower back (98%), knees (88%), shoulders (75%), ankles (70%) and feet (67%). This study reveals that female prawn seed collectors suffer from significant physiological load and extreme physiological stress due to prolonged working hours in a standing posture and excessive work pressure. Consequently, all these factors affect female prawn seed collectors' health and work performance.

13 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A total of 70 male potato cultivators were selected randomly from the villages of West Bengal, India, to evaluate musculoskeletal disorder (MSD), thermal stress, and physiological stress and were compared with 70 controls from the urban sector of West Bengal. Modified Nordic questionnaire studies and a posture analysis were performed in for the male potato cultivators by the Rapid Entire Body Assessment method. Most of the participants suffered discomfort at different parts of the body, especially in the lower back, knee, ankle, and feet regions. Potato cultivators suffered maximum discomfort during spading, planting seeds, weeding, picking crops, and sprinkling water. Therefore, it can be concluded that prolonged work activity, high repetitiveness, and remaining constantly in an awkward posture for a prolonged period of time may lead to MSDs. This study also revealed that a significant physiological load is exerted on the potato cultivators, as shown by increased heart rates.
    Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health 01/2012; 27(2). DOI:10.1177/1010539511421808 · 1.46 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objective: Children are universally considered to be the most important asset for any nation. The main aims of the present study were 1) to investigate the causation of discomfort related to working postures 2) to assess the physiological strain among the child farmers and 3) to assess the thermal stress during work in an agricultural field. Methods: For this study, 120 child agricultural workers and 120 control subjects aged 10-16 years were selected randomly, and a detailed posture analysis was performed among them by REBA and OWAS methods. The Modified Nordic Questionnaire was applied to assess the discomfort felt among both groups of workers. Physiological assessment of workload was carried out by recording the heart rate and blood pressure of the workers prior to work and just after work in the field. Results: Child agricultural workers suffered from pain especially in the low back (98%), knees (88%), hands (82%), shoulder (77%) and neck (68%). Among the agricultural activities in potato cultivation, the child potato workers, felt discomfort during spading (99%), sprinkling water (90%) and picking crops (87%). The post-activity heart rate of the child agricultural workers was 170.1 beats/min, whereas the systolic and diastolic blood pressures were 129.0 and 67.0 mm/Hg respectively. Conclusions: Most of the agricultural activities in potato cultivation were strenuous ones that affect the children, who suffered from acute pain and discomfort for a long period of time, which mainly hampers and restricts their education.
    Journal of Occupational Health 06/2013; 55(4). DOI:10.1539/joh.12-0185-OA · 1.11 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Musculoskeletal disorder is one of the major health hazards among the rice farmers. Both men and women rice farmers have been shown to experience elevated risks of prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSD). To estimate the different ergonomic risk factors associated with rice farming identify potential gender differences and the prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) among the rice farmers. Rice farmers - 110 men and 110 women were selected from the villages of West Bengal, India. Modified Nordic Questionnaires were administered to assess the prevalence of MSDs. Detailed posture analysis was performed along with the administration of the Body-part Discomfort Scale. Objective measurements of physiological parameters and lung function values were also recorded. From this study it was revealed that the most subjects (99%) suffered discomfort at different parts of the body especially at low back (93.8%), shoulder (60.9%), hand (53.6%) and knee (80.9%) due to awkward posture (99%) and excessive repetitive task (95%) for a prolonged period of time. Both group of rice farmers suffered maximum discomfort feeling during digging (87.7%), sowing seeds (82.7%), harvesting (90.9%) and carrying crops (99%) activities. The farmers also suffered from severe physiological and thermal stress which hampered their other daily activities. The study conclude that women farmers felt significantly (p< 0.001) higher discomfort feeling than men rice farmers due to perform numerous household activities which further enhanced their discomfort feeling in their different body parts.
    Work 09/2013; 50(2). DOI:10.3233/WOR-131694 · 0.52 Impact Factor
Show more