Inhibitory effects and mechanisms of intestinal electrical stimulation on gastric tone, antral contractions, pyloric tone, and gastric emptying in dogs.
ABSTRACT The aim of this study was to investigate the effects and mechanisms of intestinal electrical stimulation (IES) on gastric tone, antral and pyloric contractions, and gastric emptying in dogs. Female hound dogs were equipped with a duodenal or gastric cannula, and one pair of serosal electrodes was implanted in the small intestine. The study consisted of five different experiments. Liquid gastric emptying was assessed by collection of chyme from the duodenal cannula in a number of sessions with and without IES and with and without N-nitro-l-arginine (l-NNA). Postprandial antral and pyloric contractions were measured with and without IES and in the absence and presence of l-NNA or phentolamine by placement of a manometric catheter into the antrum and pylorus via the duodenal cannula. Gastric tone was assessed by measurement of gastric volume at a constant pressure. Gastric emptying was substantially and significantly delayed by IES or l-NNA compared with the control session. IES-induced delay of gastric emptying became normal with addition of l-NNA. IES reduced gastric tone, which was blocked by l-NNA. IES also inhibited antral contractions (frequency and amplitude), and this inhibitory effect was not blocked by l-NNA but was blocked by phentolamine. IES alone did not affect pyloric tone or resistance, but IES + l-NNA decreased pyloric tone. In conclusion, IES reduces gastric tone via the nitrergic pathway, inhibits antral contractions via the adrenergic pathway, does not affect pyloric tone, and delays liquid gastric emptying. IES-induced delay of gastric emptying is attributed to its inhibitory effects on gastric motility.
American Journal of Roentgenology 01/2003; 179(6):1643; author reply 1643. · 2.78 Impact Factor
Article: Neural mechanisms involved in the inhibition of intestinal motility induced by intestinal electrical stimulation in conscious dogs.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The effects and mechanisms of intestinal electrical stimulation (IES) with long pulses on intestinal motility were investigated in conscious dogs. Eighteen dogs were equipped with serosal electrodes and an intestinal cannula in the small bowel. The first experiment was designed to study the effect of one-channel IES on intestinal motility and the extent of this effect. The second experiment was conducted to study the effect of IES on intestinal motility and the involvement of neural pathway. The IES with long pulses significantly inhibited intestinal motility. Intestinal motility of the entire measured segment (40-220 cm distal to the stimulation electrodes) was inhibited by 60-74% with the single-channel IES with long pulses. Hexamethonium, guanethidine, phentolamine, propranolol partially, but not N(omega)-nitro-L-arginine (L-NNA), ondansetron and naloxone prevented the inhibitory effect of IES on intestinal motility. We conclude that single-channel IES inhibits intestinal motility within a distance of at least 2 m. This inhibitory effect induced by IES with long pulses is mediated via sympathetic but not nitrergic, serotoninergic 5-HT(3) and opiate pathway.Neurogastroenterology and Motility 02/2006; 18(1):62-8. · 3.41 Impact Factor