Evaluating the effect of educational media exposure on aggression in early childhood ☆

Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology (Impact Factor: 1.85). 12/2012; 34(1):38-44. DOI: 10.1016/j.appdev.2012.09.005


Preschool-aged children (M = 42.44 months-old, SD = 8.02) participated in a short-term longitudinal study investigating the effect of educational media exposure on social development (i.e., aggression and prosocial behavior) using multiple informants and methods. As predicted, educational media exposure significantly predicted increases in both observed and teacher reported relational aggression across time. Follow-up analyses showed that educational media exposure also significantly predicted increases in parent reported relational aggression across more than a two year period. Results replicate and extend prior research that has demonstrated links between educational media exposure and relational aggression, but not physical aggression, during early childhood.

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Available from: Douglas A Gentile,