Prevalence and correlates of self-reported medication non-adherence among older adults with coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, and/or hypertension

Department of Medicine (Geriatrics), School of Medicine, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, USA. Electronic address: .
Research in Social and Administrative Pharmacy (Impact Factor: 2.35). 01/2013; 9(6). DOI: 10.1016/j.sapharm.2012.12.002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Information about the prevalence and correlates of self-reported medication nonadherence using multiple measures in older adults with chronic cardiovascular conditions is needed. OBJECTIVE: To examine the prevalence and correlates of self-reported medication nonadherence among community-dwelling elders with chronic cardiovascular conditions. METHODS: Participants (n = 897) included members from the Health, Aging and Body Composition Study with coronary heart disease, diabetes mellitus, and/or hypertension at Year 10. Self-reported nonadherence was measured by the 4-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale (MMAS-4) and 2-item cost-related nonadherence (CRN-2) scale at Year 11. Factors (demographic, health status, and access to care) were examined for association with the MMAS-4 and then for association with the CRN-2 scale. RESULTS: Nonadherence per the MMAS-4 and CRN-2 scale was reported by 40.7% and 7.7% of participants, respectively, with little overlap (3.7%). Multivariable logistic regression analyses found that black race was significantly associated with nonadherence per the MMAS-4 (P = 0.002) and the CRN-2 scale (P = 0.005). Other correlates of nonadherence per the MMAS-4 (with independent associations) included having cancer (P = 0.04), a history of falls (P = 0.02), sleep disturbances (P = 0.04) and having a hospitalization in the previous 6 months (P = 0.005). Conversely, being unmarried (P = 0.049), having worse self-reported health (P = 0.04) and needs being poorly met by income (P = 0.02) showed significant independent associations with nonadherence per the CRN-2 scale. CONCLUSIONS: Self-reported medication nonadherence was common in older adults with chronic cardiovascular conditions and only one factor - race - was associated with both types. The research implication of this finding is that it highlights the need to measure both types of self-reported nonadherence in older adults. Moreover, the administration of these quick measures in the clinical setting should help identify specific actions such as patient education or greater use of generic medications or pill boxes that may address barriers to medication nonadherence.

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    ABSTRACT: Background The incidence of chronic illnesses is increasing globally. Non-adherence to medications and other medication-related problems are common among patients receiving long-term medications. Medication use review (MUR) is a service provision with an accredited pharmacist undertaking structured, adherence-centered reviews with patients receiving multiple medications. MUR services are not yet available in community pharmacies in Qatar. Objective The current study aims to evaluate community pharmacists' knowledge, attitudes, and perception towards establishing MUR as an extended role in patient care. Setting Private community pharmacies in Qatar including chains and independent pharmacies. Methodology A cross-sectional survey using a self-administered questionnaire was conducted among licensed community pharmacists from December 2012 to January 2013. Data analysis was conducted using descriptive and inferential statistics. Main outcome measures Knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to MUR concept and services. Results A total of 123 participants responded to the survey (response rate 56 %). The mean total knowledge score was 71.4 ± 14.7 %. An overwhelming proportion of the participants (97 %) were able to identify the scope of MUR in relation to chronic illnesses and at enhancing the quality of pharmaceutical care. Furthermore, 80 % of the respondents were able to identify patients of priority for inclusion in an MUR program. However, only 43 % of the participants knew that acute medical conditions were not the principal focus of an MUR service, while at least 97 % acknowledged that the provision of MUR services is a great opportunity for an extended role of community pharmacists and that MUR makes excellent use of the pharmacist's professional skills in the community. The participants generally reported concerns about time, dedicated consultation area, and support staff as significant barriers towards MUR implementation. Conclusion This study suggests that community pharmacists in Qatar had sufficient knowledge about the concept of MUR and its scope, but there were still important deficiencies that warrant further education. The findings have important implications on policy and practice pertaining to the implementation of MUR as an extended role of pharmacists and as part of Qatar's National Health Strategy to move primary health care forward.
    International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy 10/2014; 36(6). DOI:10.1007/s11096-014-0025-8 · 1.25 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: It is well established that unmarried people have higher mortality from circulatory diseases and higher all-cause mortality than the married, and these marital status differences seem to be increasing. However, much remains to be known about the underlying mechanisms. Our objective was to examine marital status differences in the purchase of medication for circulatory diseases, and risk factors for them, which may indicate underuse of such medication by some marital status groups. Using data from registers covering the entire Norwegian population, we analysed marital status differences in the purchase of medicine for eight circulatory disorders by people aged 50-79 in 2004-2008. These differences were compared with those in circulatory disease mortality during 2004-2007, considered as indicating probable differences in disease burden. The unmarried had 1.4-2.8 times higher mortality from the four types of circulatory diseases considered. However, the never-married in particular purchased less medicine for these diseases, or precursor risk factors of these diseases, primarily because of a low chance of making a first purchase. The picture was more mixed for the divorced and widowed. Both groups purchased less of some of these medicines than the married, but, especially in the case of the widowed, relatively more of other types of medicine. In contrast to the never-married, divorced and widowed people were as least as likely as the married to make a first purchase, but adherence rates thereafter, indicated by continuing purchases, were lower. The most plausible interpretation of the findings is that compared with married people, especially the never-married more often have circulatory disorders that are undiagnosed or for which they for other reasons underuse medication. Inadequate use of these potentially very efficient medicines in such a large population group is a serious public health challenge which needs further investigation. It is possible that marital status differences in use of medicines for circulatory disorders combined with an increasing importance of these medicines have contributed to the widening marital status gap in mortality observed in several countries. This also requires further investigation.
    11/2014; 15(1):65. DOI:10.1186/2050-6511-15-65


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Oct 3, 2014