Ablation of cardiac myosin–binding protein-C accelerates contractile kinetics in engineered cardiac tissue

Department of Pediatrics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI 53792.
The Journal of General Physiology (Impact Factor: 4.79). 01/2013; 141(1):73-84. DOI: 10.1085/jgp.201210837
Source: PubMed


Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) caused by mutations in cardiac myosin-binding protein-C (cMyBP-C) is a heterogenous disease in which the phenotypic presentation is influenced by genetic, environmental, and developmental factors. Though mouse models have been used extensively to study the contractile effects of cMyBP-C ablation, early postnatal hypertrophic and dilatory remodeling may overshadow primary contractile defects. The use of a murine engineered cardiac tissue (mECT) model of cMyBP-C ablation in the present study permits delineation of the primary contractile kinetic abnormalities in an intact tissue model under mechanical loading conditions in the absence of confounding remodeling events. We generated mechanically integrated mECT using isolated postnatal day 1 mouse cardiac cells from both wild-type (WT) and cMyBP-C-null hearts. After culturing for 1 wk to establish coordinated spontaneous contraction, we measured twitch force and Ca(2+) transients at 37°C during pacing at 6 and 9 Hz, with and without dobutamine. Compared with WT, the cMyBP-C-null mECT demonstrated faster late contraction kinetics and significantly faster early relaxation kinetics with no difference in Ca(2+) transient kinetics. Strikingly, the ability of cMyBP-C-null mECT to increase contractile kinetics in response to adrenergic stimulation and increased pacing frequency were severely impaired. We conclude that cMyBP-C ablation results in constitutively accelerated contractile kinetics with preserved peak force with minimal contractile kinetic reserve. These functional abnormalities precede the development of the hypertrophic phenotype and do not result from alterations in Ca(2+) transient kinetics, suggesting that alterations in contractile velocity may serve as the primary functional trigger for the development of hypertrophy in this model of HCM. Our findings strongly support a mechanism in which cMyBP-C functions as a physiological brake on contraction by positioning myosin heads away from the thin filament, a constraint which is removed upon adrenergic stimulation or cMyBP-C ablation.

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Available from: Adrian Grimes, Feb 28, 2014
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    • "Although KO adWT and KO ad258 mECT remodeled similarly and appeared indistinguishable by gross inspection , KO ad258 mECT were marginally but significantly narrower than KO adWT mECT (974 ± 24 nm vs. 1,097 ± 41 nm; P = 0.018). The absence of hypertrophy in our model may reflect that we use neonatal cardiomyocytes isolated from cMyBP-C–null newborn mice that have yet to develop the hypertrophy that develops later (de Lange et al., 2013). The acute expression of the E258K mutation on this background provides the opportunity to evaluate the contractile phenotype, free of remodeling. "
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    ABSTRACT: Mutations in cardiac myosin binding protein C (cMyBP-C) are prevalent causes of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). Although HCM-causing truncation mutations in cMyBP-C are well studied, the growing number of disease-related cMyBP-C missense mutations remain poorly understood. Our objective was to define the primary contractile effect and molecular disease mechanisms of the prevalent cMyBP-C E258K HCM-causing mutation in nonremodeled murine engineered cardiac tissue (mECT). Wild-type and human E258K cMyBP-C were expressed in mECT lacking endogenous mouse cMyBP-C through adenoviral-mediated gene transfer. Expression of E258K cMyBP-C did not affect cardiac cell survival and was appropriately incorporated into the cardiac sarcomere. Functionally, expression of E258K cMyBP-C caused accelerated contractile kinetics and severely compromised twitch force amplitude in mECT. Yeast two-hybrid analysis revealed that E258K cMyBP-C abolished interaction between the N terminal of cMyBP-C and myosin heavy chain sub-fragment 2 (S2). Furthermore, this mutation increased the affinity between the N terminal of cMyBP-C and actin. Assessment of phosphorylation of three serine residues in cMyBP-C showed that aberrant phosphorylation of cMyBP-C is unlikely to be responsible for altering these interactions. We show that the E258K mutation in cMyBP-C abolishes interaction between N-terminal cMyBP-C and myosin S2 by directly disrupting the cMyBP-C-S2 interface, independent of cMyBP-C phosphorylation. Similar to cMyBP-C ablation or phosphorylation, abolition of this inhibitory interaction accelerates contractile kinetics. Additionally, the E258K mutation impaired force production of mECT, which suggests that in addition to the loss of physiological function, this mutation disrupts contractility possibly by tethering the thick and thin filament or acting as an internal load.
    The Journal of General Physiology 09/2013; 142(3):241-55. DOI:10.1085/jgp.201311018 · 4.79 Impact Factor
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    • "Determining and understanding the post-translational modifications of contractile proteins are critical to our understanding of muscle physiology and pathology. Post-translational modification of cMyBP-C is known to affect the Ca 2+ -sensitivity of force development, the cross-bridge cycling rates, the length-dependent activation, force development and protein stability [11] [12] [13]. "
    Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 05/2013; 62. DOI:10.1016/j.yjmcc.2013.05.015 · 4.66 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Myosin-binding protein C (Mybpc3)-targeted knock-in mice (KI) recapitulate typical aspects of human hypertrophic cardiomyopathy. We evaluated whether these functional alterations can be reproduced in engineered heart tissue (EHT) and yield novel mechanistic information on the function of cMyBP-C. EHTs were generated from cardiac cells of neonatal KI, heterozygous (HET) or wild-type controls (WT) and developed without apparent morphological differences. KI had 70% and HET 20% lower total cMyBP-C levels than WT, accompanied by elevated fetal gene expression. Under standard culture conditions and spontaneous beating, KI EHTs showed more frequent burst beating than WT and occasional tetanic contractions (14/96). Under electrical stimulation (6 Hz, 37 °C) KI EHTs exhibited shorter contraction and relaxation times and a twofold higher sensitivity to external [Ca(2+)]. Accordingly, the sensitivity to verapamil was 4-fold lower and the response to isoprenaline or the Ca(2+) sensitizer EMD 57033 2-4-fold smaller. The loss of EMD effect was verified in 6-week-old KI mice in vivo. HET EHTs were apparently normal under basal conditions, but showed similarly altered contractile responses to [Ca(2+)], verapamil, isoprenaline and EMD. In contrast, drug-induced changes in intracellular Ca(2+) transients (Fura-2) were essentially normal. In conclusion, the present findings in auxotonically contracting EHTs support the idea that cMyBP-C´s normal role is to suppress force generation at low intracellular Ca(2+) and stabilize the power-stroke step of the cross bridge cycle. Pharmacological testing in EHT unmasked a disease phenotype in HET. The altered drug response may be clinically relevant.
    Journal of Molecular and Cellular Cardiology 07/2013; 63. DOI:10.1016/j.yjmcc.2013.07.011 · 4.66 Impact Factor
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