RUNX3 protein is overexpressed in human epithelial ovarian cancer
ABSTRACT RUNX family genes, including RUNX3, are developmental regulators that are important in human cancers. The purpose of this study was to evaluate expression and oncogenic potential of RUNX3 in ovarian carcinoma.
Immunohistochemical staining was performed on 60 malignant, 14 borderline, and 5 normal ovarian specimens. Correlation between RUNX3 expression with tumor histology was performed. RUNX3 expression was evaluated by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (QRT-PCR) in microdissected normal and malignant epithelial ovarian tissues. Cell proliferation and viability studies were performed on cells expressing RUNX3 by lentiviral infection and cells with silenced RUNX3 expression by siRNA.
RUNX3 expression by immunohistochemistry was higher in serous ovarian carcinomas versus normal ovarian epithelium (P<0.001). Immunofluorescent staining confirmed upregulation of cytoplasmic RUNX3 in ovarian cancer cell lines and tissues. QRT-PCR showed higher RUNX3 mRNA expression in microdissected borderline and malignant ovarian tumor tissues compared with the normal ovarian surface epithelial cells (HOSE) (P=0.006 and P=0.023). Forced RUNX3 expression by lentiviral gene delivery in ovarian cancer cells, SKOV3, that initially showed undetectable RUNX3 expression, resulted in increased cell viability (P=0.043). Silencing RUNX3 expression by siRNA transfection into ovarian cancer cells, OVCAR429, initially expressing high levels of endogenous RUNX3 resulted in a decrease in proliferation (P=0.021).
These results suggest that RUNX3 has a role in cell proliferation and viability in ovarian cancer.
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ABSTRACT: Although two major breast cancer susceptibility genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2, have been identified accounting for 20% of breast cancer genetic risk, identification of other susceptibility genes accounting for 80% risk remains a challenge due to the complex, multi-factorial nature of breast cancer. Complexity derives from multiple genetic determinants, permutations of gene-environment interactions, along with presumptive low-penetrance of breast cancer predisposing genes, and genetic heterogeneity of human populations. As with other complex diseases, dissection of genetic determinants in animal models provides key insight since genetic heterogeneity and environmental factors can be experimentally controlled, thus facilitating the detection of quantitative trait loci (QTL). We therefore, performed the first genome-wide scan for loci contributing to radiation-induced mammary tumorigenesis in female F2-(Dahl S x R)-intercross rats. Tumorigenesis was measured as tumor burden index (TBI) after induction of rat mammary tumors at forty days of age via (127)Cs-radiation. We observed a spectrum of tumor latency, size-progression, and pathology from poorly differentiated ductal adenocarcinoma to fibroadenoma, indicating major effects of gene-environment interactions. We identified two mammary tumorigenesis susceptibility quantitative trait loci (Mts-QTLs) with significant linkage: Mts-1 on chromosome-9 (LOD-2.98) and Mts-2 on chromosome-1 (LOD-2.61), as well as two Mts-QTLs with suggestive linkage: Mts-3 on chromosome-5 (LOD-1.93) and Mts-4 on chromosome-18 (LOD-1.54). Interestingly, Chr9-Mts-1, Chr5-Mts-3 and Chr18-Mts-4 QTLs are unique to irradiation-induced mammary tumorigenesis, while Chr1-Mts-2 QTL overlaps with a mammary cancer susceptibility QTL (Mcs 3) reported for 7,12-dimethylbenz-[α]antracene (DMBA)-induced mammary tumorigenesis in F2[COP x Wistar-Furth]-intercross rats. Altogether, our results suggest at least three distinct susceptibility QTLs for irradiation-induced mammary tumorigenesis not detected in genetic studies of chemically-induced and hormone-induced mammary tumorigenesis. While more study is needed to identify the specific Mts-gene variants, elucidation of specific variant(s) could establish causal gene pathways involved in mammary tumorigenesis in humans, and hence novel pathways for therapy.PLoS ONE 08/2013; 8(8):e72143. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0072143 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Runt-related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3) has recently been reported to be a possible predictor of sensitivity of cancer cells for photodynamic therapy (PDT), a promising therapeutic modality for keloids. In this study, we aimed to elucidate the implications of RUNX3 for keloid pathogenesis and sensitivity to pheophorbide a-based PDT (Pa-PDT). RUNX3 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) expression were examined in 6 normal skin samples and 32 keloid tissue samples by immunohistochemistry. We found that RUNX3 expression was detected more often in keloid tissues than in dermis of normal skin. In keloid tissues, RUNX3 expression was significantly increased in patients presenting with symptoms of pain or pruritus, and was also significantly related to PCNA expression. The therapeutic effect of Pa-PDT was comparatively investigated in keloid fibroblasts (KFs) with and without RUNX3 expression. Significant differences were found after Pa-PDT between KFs with and without RUNX3 expression in cell viability, proliferative ability, type I collagen expression, generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), and apoptotic cell death. In addition, RUNX3 expression was significantly decreased after Pa-PDT in KFs, and KFs with downregulation of RUNX3 showed significantly increased cell viability after Pa-PDT. Pa-PDT may be a potential therapeutic modality for keloids, and RUNX3, as a possible contributor to keloid pathogenesis, may improve sensitivity to Pa-PDT in KFs.Lasers in Medical Science 06/2014; 30(1). DOI:10.1007/s10103-014-1614-4 · 2.42 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Runx3, a member of Runt-related transcription factor (Runx) proteins with tumor suppressor effect, is a tissue-restricted and cancer related transcription factor that regulate cell proliferation and growth, as well as differentiation. In the present study, exogenous Run3 was transiently expressed in AGS (human gastric adenocarcinoma), with undetectable Runx3 protein and in A549 (human lung carcinoma) with low levels of endogenous Runx3 protein. The GFP tagged Runx3 was transfected into AGS and A549 cells using fugene6 and PolyFect and Runx3 expression was confirmed by fluorescent microscopy and RT-PCR. The effect of Runx3 transfection on cell proliferation was determined by MTT assay and the results were confirmed by the trypan blue dye exclusion method. The effect of Runx3 expression on mRNA expression of BCL2-associated X protein (Bax) was evaluated using RT-PCR. In AGS and A549 cells, Runx3 expression inhibited cell proliferation (p < 0.01). The growth inhibition was less in A549 cells. We show that Runx3 expression increases Bax mRNA expression in AGS cells when compared with control (p < 0.05), but no significant differences in mRNA expression was observed in both examined cells. Runx3 expression has antiproliferative effect in AGS cell perhaps via increase in expression of Bax. The effect of Runx3 on A549 cells' viability which has endogenous level of Runx3 is not related to Bax. These findings implicate a complex regulation by Runx3 in inhibition of cell proliferation utilizing Bax.Iranian journal of pharmaceutical research (IJPR) 02/2011; 10(2):355-61. · 0.51 Impact Factor