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Characterization of cholecystokinin-producing cells and mucus-secreting goblet cells in the blacktip grouper, Epinephelus fasciatus.

Marine and Environmental Research Institute, Jeju National University, Jeju 695-965, South Korea.
Tissue and Cell (Impact Factor: 1.04). 12/2012; DOI: 10.1016/j.tice.2012.10.005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The characteristics and distributions of cholecystokinin (CCK)-producing cells and mucus-secreting goblet cells were investigated in the digestive tract of the blacktip grouper (Epinephelus fasciatus). CCK-producing cells were scattered throughout the digestive tract. The highest frequency of CCK-producing cells was observed in the anterior intestine portion and pyloric ceca, with a very small number of cells distributed as far as the rectum. Mucus-secreting goblet cells were found to differ remarkably in their regional distributions and relative frequencies. High frequencies of mucus-secreting goblet cells were found in the digestive tract, mainly in the anterior intestine portion and pyloric ceca, but not the esophagus; the frequency decreased slightly toward the rectum. Our result suggests that food digested by gastric acid in the stomach moves on the anterior (including the pyloric ceca) and mid intestine portion, thereby ensuring effective stimulation of the CCK-producing cells. In addition, the distribution pattern of the CCK-producing cells closely resembled that of mucus-secreting goblet cells. In E. fasciatus, CCK-producing cells and mucus-secreting goblet cells seem to be well adapted to promoting optimal control of the digestive process.

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