Association between monosodium glutamate intake and sleep-disordered breathing among Chinese adults with normal body weight
To assess whether monosodium glutamate (MSG) intake is associated with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB).
Data from 1227 Chinese subjects who participated in the Jiangsu Nutrition Study were analyzed. All the participants were examined at two time points (baseline in 2002 and follow-up in 2007). The MSG intake was assessed quantitatively in 2002 and a sleep questionnaire was used to assess snoring and to construct an SDB probability score in 2007. Those within the fifth quintile of the score (highest) were defined as having a high probability of SDB.
The MSG intake was positively associated with snoring and a high probability of SDB in participants who had a normal body weight but in those who were overweight. A comparison of the extreme quartiles of MSG intake in subjects with a body mass index lower than 23 kg/m² showed an odds ratio of 2.02 (95% confidence interval 1.02-4.00) for snoring and an odds ratio of 3.11 (95% confidence interval 1.10-8.84) for a high probability of SDB. There was a joint effect between MSG and overweight in relation to SDB.
The intake of MSG may increase the risk of SDB in Chinese adults with a normal body weight.
- Nutrition 06/2013; 29(10). DOI:10.1016/j.nut.2013.03.005 · 2.93 Impact Factor
- Nutrition 06/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.nut.2013.04.002 · 2.93 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: In animal studies, monosodium glutamate (MSG) intake at a particular age has been found to increase the risk of insulin resistance and obesity. Inconsistent associations between MSG intake and overweight have been reported in humans. No population study has assessed the association between MSG intake and diabetes risk. This study aims to prospectively examine the association between MSG intake and hyperglycemia in a Chinese population. We followed 1056 healthy adults aged 20 years and older from 2002 to 2007. Dietary data were collected during home visits using a 3-day food record and a food frequency questionnaire. Fasting blood samples were collected at baseline and follow up. Hyperglycemia was defined as fasting plasma glucose >5.6 mmol/l. During the follow-up we identified 125 cases of hyperglycemia. The highest quartile of MSG intake was associated with a lower risk of incident hyperglycemia, even after adjustment for a number of covariates, including dietary patterns. Comparing the highest with the lowest quartiles of MSG intake, the odds ratio (OR) for hyperglycemia was 0.30 (95% CI 0.13-0.66). There was a linear inverse association between MSG intake and change in blood glucose. This cohort study suggests that high MSG intake is associated with a decreased risk of hyperglycemia in Chinese adults.Clinical nutrition (Edinburgh, Scotland) 11/2013; 33(5). DOI:10.1016/j.clnu.2013.10.018 · 4.48 Impact Factor