Article

Idiopathic Inflammatory Myopathies: Current Trends in Pathogenesis, Clinical Features, and Up-to-Date Treatment Recommendations.

Division of Rheumatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address: .
Mayo Clinic Proceedings (Impact Factor: 5.79). 01/2013; 88(1):83-105. DOI: 10.1016/j.mayocp.2012.10.017
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Recently, there have been important advances in the understanding of the pathophysiologic features, assessment, and management of patients with a newly diagnosed idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM). Myositis-specific autoantibodies have been identified to define patient subgroups and offer prognostic implications. Similarly, proinflammatory cytokines, such as interleukin 6 and type 1 interferon-dependent genes, may serve as potential biomarkers of disease activity in adult and juvenile patients with dermatomyositis (DM). Moreover, magnetic resonance imaging has become an important modality for the assessment of muscle inflammation in adult IIM and juvenile DM. Immune-mediated necrotizing myopathies also are being recognized as a subset of IIM triggered by medications such as statins. However, confusion exists regarding effective management strategies for patients with IIM because of the lack of large-scale, randomized, controlled studies. This review focuses primarily on our current management and treatment algorithms for IIM including the care of pediatric patients with juvenile DM. For this review, we conducted a search of PubMed and MEDLINE for articles published from January 1, 1970, to December 1, 2011, using the following search terms: idiopathic inflammatory myopathies, dermatomyositis, polymyositis, juvenile dermatomyositis, sporadic inclusion body myositis, inclusion body myositis, inflammatory myositis, myositis, myopathies, pathogenesis, therapy, and treatment. Studies published in English were selected for inclusion in our review as well as additional articles identified from bibliographies.

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    Current Opinion in Rheumatology 09/2014; 26(6). DOI:10.1097/BOR.0000000000000119 · 5.07 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Introduction Although dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM) share many clinical features in common, they have distinct pathophysiological and histological features. It is possible that these distinctions reflect also macroscopically, for example, in muscle alterations seen in magnetic resonance images (MRI). Objectives To compare simultaneously the MRI of various muscle compartments of the thighs of adult DM and PM. Materials The present study is a cross‐sectional that included, between 2010 and 2013, 11 newly diagnosed DM and 11 PM patients (Bohan and Peter's criteria, 1975), with clinical and laboratory activity. They were valued at RM thighs, T1 and T2 with fat suppression, 1.5 T MRI scanner sequences. Results The mean age at the time of MRI, the time between onset of symptoms and the realization of the MRI distribution of sex and drug therapy were comparable between the two groups (p>0.050). Concerning the MRI, muscle edema was significantly found in DM, and mainly in the proximal region of the muscles. The area of fat replacement was found predominantly in PM. The partial fat replacement area occurred mainly in the medial and distal region, whereas the total fat replacement area occurred mainly in the distal muscles. There was no area of muscle fibrosis. Conclusions DM and PM have different characteristics on MRI muscles, alike pathophysiological and histological distinctions.
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    01/2014; 2014:854841. DOI:10.1155/2014/854841

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