Death and Rehospitalization after Transient Ischemic Attack or Acute Ischemic Stroke: One-year Outcomes from the Adherence Evaluation of Acute Ischemic Stroke-Longitudinal Registry
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Longitudinal data directly comparing the rates of death and rehospitalization of patients discharged after transient ischemic attack (TIA) versus acute ischemic stroke (AIS) are lacking. METHODS: Data were analyzed from 2802 patients (TIA n = 552; AIS n = 2250) admitted to 100 U.S. hospitals participating in the Get With The Guidelines-Stroke and the Adherence Evaluation of Acute Ischemic Stroke-Longitudinal registry. The primary composite outcome was the adjusted rate of all-cause death and rehospitalization over 1 year after discharge. Four additional single or combined outcomes were explored. RESULTS: Compared with AIS, TIA patients were older (median 69 v 66 years; P = .007) and more likely female (53.3% v 44.2%; P < .0001). Secondary prevention medication use after hospital discharge was less intensive after TIA, with underuse for both conditions. All-cause death or rehospitalization at 1 year was similar for TIA and AIS patients (37.7% v 34.6%; P = .271); the frequency for TIA patients was higher after covariate adjustment (hazard ratio [HR] 1.19; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.01-1.41). One-year all-cause mortality was similar among those with TIA compared to AIS patients (3.8% v 5.7%; P = .071; adjusted HR 0.86; 95% CI 0.52-1.42). All-cause rehospitalizations were higher for TIA compared to AIS patients (36.4% v 33.0%; P = .186; adjusted HR 1.20; 95% CI 1.02-1.42), but similar for stroke rehospitalizations (10.1% v 7.4%; P = .037; adjusted HR 1.38, 95% CI 0.997-1.92). CONCLUSIONS: Patients with TIA have similar or worse 12-month postdischarge risk of death or rehospitalization as compared with those with AIS. Outcomes after TIA and AIS might be improved with better adherence to secondary preventive guidelines.
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ABSTRACT: Japanese guidelines recommend aspirin 160-300 mg/day, starting within 48 h, for patients with acute cerebral infarction. However, there are few reports evaluated in Japanese patients. Our objective was to examine the safety and efficacy of enteric-coated aspirin, compared with other oral antiplatelet drugs, in Japanese patients with acute ischemic stroke. We performed a prospective, non-randomized, observational and multicenter study between June 2005 and December 2007. Patients with symptomatic acute ischemic stroke, including transient ischemic attack (TIA), who started enteric-coated aspirin or other antiplatelet drugs within 7 days of hospitalization were registered. Outcome measures evaluated within 3 months were incidence of cerebral and non-cerebral hemorrhagic events, recurrence of ischemic stroke or TIA, non-cerebral ischemic events and death from any cause. Overall, 2,548 and 830 patients treated with enteric-coated aspirin (100-300 mg/day) or other antiplatelet drugs, respectively, were registered; approximately 60% were male, mean age was 70 years, 85% had pre-existing cardiovascular disease or other complications. Enteric-coated aspirin of 100 mg was mainly prescribed, and only approximately half of the patients were started on it within 48 h after onset of ischemic stroke. Safety and efficacy population excluded patients without follow-up data were 2,521 in enteric-coated aspirin and 807 in other antiplatelets. Hemorrhagic events occurred in 46 (1.8%) in the enteric-coated aspirin group and in 13 (1.6%) in the other antiplatelet drugs group, there was not significant. Recurrent ischemic stroke or TIA occurred in 39 (1.5%) of the enteric-coated aspirin and in 18 (2.2%) of other antiplatelet drugs, and there were any-cause death in 16 (0.6%) and 8 (1.0%). Incidences were slightly lower in the enteric-coated aspirin group compared with the other antiplatelet drugs group, but not statistically significant. It seems that these results showed the safety and efficacy of the enteric-coated aspirin in acute stroke care in Japanese patients. Incidence of hemorrhagic events was comparable between the enteric-coated aspirin group and the other antiplatelet drugs group.Advances in Therapy 01/2014; DOI:10.1007/s12325-013-0089-1 · 2.44 Impact Factor