Article

Metabolic Syndrome and Other Cardiovascular Risk Factors Among Police Officers

Social and Preventive Medicine, Calicut Government Medical College, Kerala, India.
North American journal of medical sciences 12/2012; 4(12):630-5. DOI: 10.4103/1947-2714.104313
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Police force constitutes a special occupational group. They have been shown to be at high risk for the development of cardiovascular diseases. A multitude of factors may be responsible for this. There is very limited documentation of their health status and health surveillance activities are inadequate.
The present study was designed to measure the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and other cardiovascular risk factors among police officers.
The design was cross-sectional and spanned 900 policemen (n = 900). A pre-tested questionnaire was used for collecting historical data. Anthropometric and biochemical measurements were carried out using standard techniques. MS was diagnosed using the National Cholesterol Education Program-Adult Treatment Panel III criteria. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 16.0 software.
MS was observed in 16.8% of the study population. High blood pressure and hyper-triglyceridemia were the commonest abnormalities. The prevalence of other cardiovascular risk factors were high body mass index (65.6%), hypertension (37.7%), diabetes (7%), smoking (10%), and alcohol use (48%).
Our study identified police officers as a high-risk group for developing CVDs. The findings underscore the need for regular surveillance and lifestyle interventions in this important occupational group.

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