Fuel cell electric vehicles and hydrogen infrastructure: status 2012

Energy & Environmental Science (Impact Factor: 15.49). 07/2012; 5(10):8790-8798. DOI: 10.1039/C2EE22596D

ABSTRACT Within the framework of this publication, a brief motivation for hydrogen as an automotive energy carrier is provided and recent technology status and activities in the field of fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEV) and hydrogen infrastructure are described. To do so, current hydrogen vehicles by General Motors and Opel (such as the HydroGen4) as well as current and upcoming technologies are presented. In addition, well-to-wheel efficiencies considering different energy mixes and driving profiles for various electric powertrains (including E-REV vehicles like the Chevrolet Volt and its VOLTEC system) are briefly discussed.

This paper is a follow-up study to a previous article on the same topic published in 2007: “Fuel Cell Vehicles: Technology Status 2007” by R.v.H. und U.E. [1]. Although providing also an overall picture, that publication was focused on issues of hydrogen storage and vehicle demonstration programs. The current publication, on the other hand, will illustrate the progress made in the meantime, and will primarily deal with the fuel cell system and the planned hydrogen infrastructure roll-out for the early FCEV commercialization in the 2015-2020 timeframe. For that reason, some insight into the hydrogen infrastructure and recent results of infrastructure and technology readiness studies will be presented, including those of the “H2Mobility” coalition, which comprises major automotive, energy, and technology companies.


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