Chronic fatigue syndrome following infections in adolescents.
ABSTRACT PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the recent epidemiology, pathophysiology, and treatment of postinfectious chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS) in adolescents. RECENT FINDINGS: Thirteen percent of adolescents (mainly women) met the criteria for CFS 6 months following infectious mononucleosis; the figure was 7% at 12 months and 4% at 24 months. Peak work capacity, activity level, orthostatic intolerance, salivary cortisol, and natural killer cell number and function were similar between adolescents with CFS following infectious mononucleosis and recovered controls. Autonomic system, oxygen consumption, peak oxygen pulse, psychological and cytokine network differences were documented between those who recovered and those who did not. SUMMARY: The prognosis of CFS is better in adolescents than in adults. Activity level, exercise tolerance, and orthostatic testing could not distinguish patients with CFS from adolescents who have recovered from infectious mononucleosis (controls), while certain cytokine network analyses, life stress factors, and autonomic symptoms could.
Article: Lyme disease.New England Journal of Medicine 08/2001; 345(2):115-25. · 51.66 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to obtain a naturalistic measure of diurnal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis output in CFS patients unaffected by medication or comorbid psychiatric disorder likely to influence the axis. Cortisol and cortisone levels were measured in saliva samples collected from 0600 h to 2100 h at 3-h intervals in CFS patients and healthy controls. Mean cortisol and cortisone concentrations were significantly lower in patients than controls across the whole day, as were levels at each individual time point except 2100 h. Cosinor analysis showed a significant diurnal rhythm of cortisol and cortisone that was not phase-shifted in CFS compared to controls. However, there was a lower rhythm-adjusted mean and a lower amplitude in CFS patients. The cortisol/cortisone ratio showed no diurnal rhythm and did not differ between CFS subjects and controls. The sample size was relatively small, and drawn from specialist referral patients who had been ill for some time; generalisation of these results to other populations is therefore unwarranted. The main findings of this study are to provide further evidence for reduced basal HPA axis function in at least some patients with CFS and to show for the first time that salivary cortisone is also reduced in CFS and has a diurnal rhythm similar to that of cortisol. We have also demonstrated that the cortisol/cortisone ratio remains unchanged in CFS, suggesting that increased conversion of cortisol to cortisone cannot account for the observed lowering of salivary cortisol.Journal of Affective Disorders 09/2005; 87(2-3):299-304. · 3.30 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To describe the epidemiology, symptoms, and psychosocial characteristics of children and adolescents evaluated in a chronic fatigue program and determine the course and outcome of the syndrome in these patients. During the summer of 1994, chart review was performed for the 58 patients evaluated between 1990 and 1994 and a telephone follow-up was conducted with 42 of the 58 families. Patients were predominantly female (71%) and white (94%), with 50% between the ages of 7 and 14 years and 50% between the ages of 15 and 21 years (mean age 14.6 years). At time of presentation, 50% of patients had been fatigued for 1 to 6 months and 50% had been fatigued for 7 to 36 months. Sixty percent indicated the fatigue had begun with an acute illness and 60% had a history of allergies. Most commonly reported symptoms were fatigue (100%), headache (74%), sore throat (59%), abdominal pain (48%), fever (36%), and difficulties with concentration and/or memory (33%). Most patients had a worsening of school performance and a decrease in social activities. On follow-up, there was significant improvement in many patients during the summer after the first visit, with continued improvement in most patients during the second and third years. At time of the follow-up telephone call, 43% of families considered their child "cured" and 52% considered their child "improved," whereas only 5% considered their child to be "the same." Statistical analyses demonstrated no demographic or clinical factors that distinguished between those who did or did not participate in the follow-up study, or between those who did or did not do well on follow-up. These data demonstrate that children and adolescents with chronic fatigue have a syndrome that is similar to that described in adults, but that the syndrome differs in several ways, most specifically, presentation earlier in the course of the illness and a more optimistic outcome.Pediatrics 09/1998; 102(2 Pt 1):360-6. · 5.12 Impact Factor