ChemInform Abstract: From the Bottom up: Dimensional Control and Characterization in Molecular Monolayers

California NanoSystems Institute, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California 90095, USA. .
Chemical Society Reviews (Impact Factor: 33.38). 12/2012; 42(7). DOI: 10.1039/c2cs35365b
Source: PubMed


Self-assembled monolayers are a unique class of nanostructured materials, with properties determined by their molecular lattice structures, as well as the interfaces with their substrates and environments. As with other nanostructured materials, defects and dimensionality play important roles in the physical, chemical, and biological properties of the monolayers. In this review, we discuss monolayer structures ranging from surfaces (two-dimensional) down to single molecules (zero-dimensional), with a focus on applications of each type of structure, and on techniques that enable characterization of monolayer physical properties down to the single-molecule scale.

16 Reads
  • ACS Nano 10/2012; 6(10):8463-4. DOI:10.1021/nn304724q · 12.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Dihydroazulenes are photochromic molecules that reversibly switch between two distinct geometric and conductivity states. Molecular design, surface attachment, and precise control over the assembly of such molecular machines are critical in order to understand molecular function and motion at the nanoscale. Here, we use surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy on special atomically flat, plasmonically enhanced substrates to measure the photoreaction kinetics of isolated dihydroazulene-functionalized molecules assembled on Au{111}, which undergo a ring-opening reaction upon illumination with UV light and switch back to the initial isomer via thermal relaxation. Photokinetic analyses reveal the high efficiency of the dihydroazulene photoreaction on solid substrates compared to other photoswitches. An order of magnitude decrease in the photoreaction cross section of surface-bound dihydroazulenes was observed when compared with the cross sections of these molecules in solution.
    Nano Letters 01/2013; 13(2). DOI:10.1021/nl304102n · 13.59 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neuroscience is at a crossroads. Great effort is being invested into deciphering specific neural interactions and circuits. At the same time, there exist few general theories or principles that explain brain function. We attribute this disparity, in part, to limitations in current methodologies. Traditional neurophysiological approaches record the activities of one neuron or a few neurons at a time. Neurochemical approaches focus on single neurotransmitters. Yet, there is an increasing realization that neural circuits operate at emergent levels, where the interactions between hundreds or thousands of neurons, utilizing multiple chemical transmitters, generate functional states. Brains function at the nanoscale, so tools to study brains must ultimately operate at this scale, as well. Nanoscience and nanotechnology are poised to provide a rich toolkit of novel methods to explore brain function by enabling simultaneous measurement and manipulation of activity of thousands or even millions of neurons. We and others refer to this goal as the Brain Activity Mapping Project. In this Nano Focus, we discuss how recent developments in nanoscale analysis tools and in the design and synthesis of nanomaterials have generated optical, electrical, and chemical methods that can readily be adapted for use in neuroscience. These approaches represent exciting areas of technical development and research. Moreover, unique opportunities exist for nanoscientists, nanotechnologists, and other physical scientists and engineers to contribute to tackling the challenging problems involved in understanding the fundamentals of brain function.
    ACS Nano 03/2013; 7(3). DOI:10.1021/nn4012847 · 12.88 Impact Factor
Show more