Article

The differentiation of embryonic stem cells seeded on electrospun nanofibers into neural lineages.

Department of Biomedical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, Campus Box 1097, One Brookings Drive, St. Louis, MO 63130, USA.
Biomaterials (Impact Factor: 8.31). 11/2008; 30(3):354-62. DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2008.09.046
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Due to advances in stem cell biology, embryonic stem (ES) cells can be induced to differentiate into a particular mature cell lineage when cultured as embryoid bodies. Although transplantation of ES cells-derived neural progenitor cells has been demonstrated with some success for either spinal cord injury repair in small animal model, control of ES cell differentiation into complex, viable, higher ordered tissues is still challenging. Mouse ES cells have been induced to become neural progenitors by adding retinoic acid to embryoid body cultures for 4 days. In this study, we examine the use of electrospun biodegradable polymers as scaffolds not only for enhancing the differentiation of mouse ES cells into neural lineages but also for promoting and guiding the neurite outgrowth. A combination of electrospun fiber scaffolds and ES cells-derived neural progenitor cells could lead to the development of a better strategy for nerve injury repair.

Full-text

Available from: Matthew Macewan, Jun 11, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
105 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nanofiber technology is an exciting area attracting the attention of many researchers as a potential solution to the current challenges in the biomedical field such as burn and wound care, organ repair, and treatment for osteoporosis and various diseases. Nanofibers are attractive in this field for several reasons. First, surface area on nanofibers is much higher compared to bulk materials, which allows for enhanced adhesion of cells, proteins, and drugs. Second, nanofibers can be fabricated into sophisticated macro-scale structures. The ability to fabricate nanofibers allows renewed efforts in developing hierarchical structures that mimic those in animals and human. On top of that, a wide range of polymers can be fabricated into nanofibers to suit different applications. Nanofibers are most commonly fabricated through electrospinning, which is a low cost method that allows control over fiber morphology and is capable of being scaled-up for mass production. This review explored two popular areas of biomedical nanofiber development: tissue regeneration and drug delivery, and included discussions on the basic principles for how nanofibers promote tissue regeneration and drug delivery, the parameters that affect nanofiber performance and the recent progress in these areas. The recent work on biomedical nanofibers showed that the large surface area on nanofibers could be translated into enhanced cell activities, drug encapsulation, and drug release rate control. Furthermore, by optimizing the electrospinning process via adjusting the material choices and fiber orientation, for example, further enhancement in cell differentiation and drug release control could be achieved. Copyright © 2010 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Polymers for Advanced Technologies 03/2011; 22(3):350 - 365. DOI:10.1002/pat.1813 · 1.96 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cell transplantation strategies have provided potential therapeutic approaches for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases. Mesenchymal stem cells from Wharton's jelly (WJMSCs) are abundant and available adult stem cells with low immunological incompatibility, which could be considered for cell replacement therapy in the future. However, MSC transplantation without any induction or support material causes poor control of cell viability and differentiation. In this study, we investigated the effect of the nanoscaffolds on WJMSCs differentiation into motor neuronal lineages in the presence of retinoic acid (RA) and sonic hedgehog (Shh). Surface properties of scaffolds have been shown to significantly influence cell behaviors such as adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation. Therefore, polycaprolactone (PCL) nanofibers were constructed via electrospinning, surface modified by plasma treatment, and grafted by collagen. Characterization of the scaffolds by means of ATR-FTIR, contact angel, and Bradford proved grafting of the collagen on the surface of the scaffolds. WJMSCs were seeded on nanofibrous and tissue culture plate (TCP) and viability of WJMSCs were measured by MTT assay and then induced to differentiate into motor neuron-like cells for 15 days. Differentiated cells were evaluated morphologically, and real-time PCR and immunocytochemistry methods were done to evaluate expression of motor neuron-like cell markers in mRNA and protein levels. Our results showed that obtained cells could express motor neuron biomarkers at both RNA and protein levels, but the survival and differentiation of WJMSCs into motor neuron-like cells on the PCL/collagen scaffold were higher than cultured cells in the TCP and PCL groups. Taken together, WJMSCs are an attractive stem cell source for inducing into motor neurons in vitro especially when grown on nanostructural scaffolds and PCL/collagen scaffolds can provide a suitable, three-dimensional situation for neuronal survival and differentiation that suggest their potential application towards nerve regeneration.
    Molecular Neurobiology 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s12035-015-9199-x · 5.29 Impact Factor
  • Nanomedicine 03/2015; 10(5):689-92. DOI:10.2217/nnm.15.10 · 5.82 Impact Factor