Association Between the XRCC3 T241M Polymorphism and Head and Neck Cancer Susceptibility: a Meta-analysis of Case-control Studies
ABSTRACT Background: To evaluate the role of the X-ray repair cross complementing group 3 (XRCC3) T241M polymorphism in head and neck cancer susceptibility. Materials and Methods: We performed a meta-analysis of all available studies, which included 3,191 cases and 5,090 controls. Results: Overall, a significant risk effect of the T241M polymorphism was not found under homologous contrast (MM vs TT: OR=1.293, 95% CI=0.926-1.805; TM vs TT: OR=1.148 95% CI=0.930-1.418) and recessive models (MM vs TT+TM): OR=1.170, 95% CI=0.905- 1.512, but a significantly increased risk was observed under a dominant model (MM+TM vs TT): OR=1.243, 95% CI=1.001-1.544. In stratified analyses, there were no significant associations for Asians or Caucasians. Conclusion: Our meta-analysis suggested the XRCC3 241M allele (MM+TM) might act as a head and neck cancer risk factor among all subjects, and the effect of T241M polymorphism on head and neck susceptibility should be studied with a larger, stratified population.
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ABSTRACT: Genetic polymorphism of X-ray repair crosscomplementing group 3 (XRCC3) Thr241Met has been implicated to alter the risk of ovarian cancer, but the results are controversial. In order to get a more precise result, a meta-analysis was performed. All eligible studies were identified through an extensive search in PubMed, Excerpta Medica Database (Embase), Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure database, and Chinese Biomedical Literature Database before August 2013. The association between the XRCC3 Thr241Met polymorphism and ovarian cancer risk was conducted by odds ratios (ORs) and 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CIs). Finally, a total of four publications including seven studies with 3,635 cases and 5,473 controls were included in our meta-analysis. Overall, there was no association between XRCC3 Thr241Met polymorphism and risk of ovarian cancer under all five genetic models in overall population (T vs. C: OR = 0.99, 95 % CI = 0.960-1.03, P = 0.752; TT vs. CC: OR = 1.00, 95 % CI = 0.91-1.10, P = 0.943; TC vs. TT: OR = 0.97, 95 % CI = 0.92-1.04, P = 0.396, Fig. 1; TT vs. OR = 1.00, 95 % CI = 0.91-1.12, P = 0.874; TT/TC vs. CC: OR = 0.98, 95 % CI = 0.94-1.03, P = 0.486). In the subgroup analysis according to ethnicity, the results suggested that XRCC3 Thr241Met polymorphism was not associated with the risk of ovarian cancer in Caucasians population. No significant association was found between the XRCC3 Thr241 Met polymorphism and the risk of ovarian cancer. Given the limited sample size and ethnicities included in the meta-analysis, further large scaled and well-designed studies are needed to confirm our results.Tumor Biology 11/2013; 35(3). DOI:10.1007/s13277-013-1357-z · 2.84 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Although tobacco and alcohol consumption are two common risk factors of head and neck cancer (HNC), other specific etiologic causes, such as viral infection and genetic susceptibility factors, remain to be understood. Human DNA is often damaged by numerous endogenous and exogenous mutagens or carcinogens, and genetic variants in interaction with environmental exposure to these agents may explain interindividual differences in HNC risk. Single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genes involved in the DNA damage-repair response are reported to be risk factors for various cancer types, including HNC. Here, we reviewed epidemiological studies that have assessed the associations between HNC risk and SNPs in DNA repair genes involved in base-excision repair, nucleotide-excision repair, mismatch repair, double-strand break repair and direct reversion repair pathways. We found, however, that only a few SNPs in DNA repair genes were found to be associated with significantly increased or decreased risk of HNC, and, in most cases, the effects were moderate, depending upon locus-locus interactions among the risk SNPs in the pathways. We believe that, in the presence of exposure, additional pathway-based analyses of DNA repair genes derived from genome-wide association studies (GWASs) in HNC are needed.05/2013; 27(3):179-192. DOI:10.7555/JBR.27.20130034
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ABSTRACT: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) is the fifth most prevalent cancer worldwide. Apart from various known clinicopathogical factors, it is still a major concern as many genetic and epigenetic alterations bring about the possibility of this deadly disease. The aim of this review is to explore the possible role of DNA repair pathways and the polymorphic status of DNA repair genes (XPA, XPC, XPD, XRCC1 and XRCC3) in the onset of HNSCC, along with sequence variations in genes such as Glutathione S-transferases (GSTT1, M1 and P1) that are significantly associated with HNSCC risk. We also focus on the p53 gene mutation induced by various etiological agents and threat factors with its implications towards HNSCC, and emphasise the current therapeutic interventions in treating HNSCC.Central European Journal of Biology 06/2014; 9(6). DOI:10.2478/s11535-014-0292-3 · 0.63 Impact Factor