Does immunosuppressive pharmacotherapy affect isoagglutinin titers?
ABSTRACT Preoperative reduction of isoagglutinins leads to successful ABO-incompatible (ABOi) renal transplantation. The strategy includes pretransplantation plasmapheresis, more potent immunosuppressive drugs, splenectomy, and anti-CD20 antibody. It has been reported that low isoagglutinin antibody titers posttransplant were observed among ABOi renal transplants with favorable outcome. The isoagglutinin titers may increase slightly when plasmapheresis is discontinued; however, it never returns to the pretreatment level under immunosuppressive therapy. This raises the question of what occurs to the isoagglutinin titer in ABO-compatible renal transplants under maintenance immunosuppressive pharmacotherapy.
We analyzed 10 renal transplant recipients, including seven living and three cadaveric donors. Patients were treated with basiliximab (20 mg) intravenously on day 0 and day 4. Maintenance immunosuppressive therapy involved a calcineurin inhibitor, mycophenolate mofetil, and steroid. Anti-human globulin isoagglutinin titers were routinely examined 1 day before and day 0 and 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, 12, and 24 weeks posttransplant. No ALG or intravenous immunoglobulin or plasmapheresis treatment was provided in the follow-up period.
Our preliminary data showed nearly no influence on isoagglutinin titer levels in 6-month follow-up under maintenance immunosuppressive therapy. In addition, no significant difference in isoagglutinin titer was observed between tacrolimus and cyclosporine groups.
Maintenance immunosuppressive pharmacotherapy did not affect isoagglutinin titer levels in ABO-compatible kidney transplants. Further study is needed to investigate the mechanisms of persistent low-level isoagglutinin titers among successful ABOi renal transplantation patients.
Transplantation Proceedings 01/1988; 19(6):4538-42. · 1.00 Impact Factor
Article: Successful ABO-incompatible kidney transplantations without splenectomy using antigen-specific immunoadsorption and rituximab.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Historically, ABO-incompatible kidney transplantations have only been undertaken after splenectomy and unspecific plasmapheresis and with quadruple drug immunosuppression plus B-cell specific drugs. We have evaluated a protocol for ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation without splenectomy using antigen-specific immunoadsorption, rituximab, and a conventional triple-drug immunosuppressive regimen. The protocol called for a 10-day pretransplant conditioning period starting with one dosage of rituximab and followed by full dose tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and prednisolone. Antigen-specific immunoadsorption was performed on pretransplant days -6, -5, -4, and -1. After the last session, 0.5 g/kg of intravenous immunoglobulin was administered. Postoperatively, three more apheresis sessions were given every third day. Furthermore, if there was a significant increase in the antibody titers, extra sessions were considered. Four patients have received transplants with this protocol. The donor-recipient blood groups were A2/O, B/O, B/A, and A1/O. The ABO-antibodies were readily removed by the antigen-specific immunoadsorption and were kept at a low level posttransplantation by further adsorptions. There were no side effects, and all patients have normal renal-transplant function. We conclude that after one infusion each of rituximab and intravenous immunoglobulin and antigen-specific immunoadsorption, blood-group-incompatible renal transplantations can be performed with standard immunosuppression and without splenectomy.Transplantation 09/2003; 76(4):730-1. · 4.00 Impact Factor
First report of a 7-year survey on ABO-incompatible kidney transplantation in Japan. 2001. Clin Exp Nephrol 5 119..