In vivo identification of plaque composition may allow the detection of vulnerable plaques before rupture. However, the clinical relevance of multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) in characterizing coronary plaques is currently a subject of debate. We compared 64-slice MDCT with virtual histology to investigate the potential role of 64-slice MDCT in the differentiation of composition of noncalcified coronary plaques. Fifty-nine consecutive patients (stable/unstable angina 34/21) were enrolled. Mean computed tomographic (CT) density (Hounsfield units) of noncalcified coronary plaques (n = 80) was compared with a relative volume of each plaque component (fibrous, fibrofatty, calcium, and necrotic core) analyzed by virtual histology. Mean heart rate during MDCT was 58 +/- 9 beats/min. There was a negative correlation between mean CT density and the necrotic core (r = -0.539, p <0.001) and a positive correlation between mean CT density and the fibrotic tissue component (r = 0.571, p <0.001). Mean CT density of the plaques with a <10% necrotic core was significantly higher than that of a >or=10% necrotic core (93.1 +/- 37.5 vs 41.3 +/- 26.4 HU, p <0.001). However, overlapping of mean CT densities between plaques with a <10% necrotic core and those with a >or=10% necrotic core was found. In conclusion, mean CT density of noncalcified coronary plaques measured by 64-slice MDCT may depend on the relative volumes of the necrotic core and fibrotic component. Sixty-four-slice MDCT may have the potential for determining composition of noncalcified coronary plaques, which needs further studies for clinical application.
"The lowest density was defined as the plaque density. LAP was defined when the plaque density was less than 40 HU . (4) The ratio of vessel diameter at the plaque site to the reference segment set proximal to the lesion in a normal-appearing vessel segment was evaluated, and positive remodeling (PR) was defined if it was larger than 1.10  . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Arterial hypertension is an established risk factor for acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) is an accurate and less invasive technique for assessment of the degree of coronary artery luminal narrowing and characterization of coronary atherosclerosis. We therefore aimed to investigate the predictive power of MDCT for future ACS events and compared with traditional parameters in patients with hypertension.
One hundred and thirty-four patients (93 men, mean age 70±11 years) with hypertension underwent MDCT for evaluation of coronary artery disease. MDCT analysis focused on the presence of plaques, the degree of stenosis, and the plaque characteristics. Traditional parameters included Framingham risk score, carotid intima-media thickness, and left ventricular mass index.
During a mean follow-up of 39±10 months, ACS events occurred in 10 patients, including myocardial infarction (n=3) and unstable angina (n=7). Multivariate analysis identified total number of low attenuation plaques as an independent predictor of ACS events (p<0.001).
We demonstrated that non-obstructive low attenuation coronary plaques on MDCT predicted more accurately future ACS events in patients with hypertension than traditional parameters.
Journal of Cardiology 03/2012; 59(2):167-75. DOI:10.1016/j.jjcc.2011.11.010 · 2.78 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The standards of the Canadian Association of Radiologists (CAR) are not rules, but are guidelines that attempt to define principles of practice that should generally produce radiological care. The physician and medical physicist may modify an existing standard as determined by the individual patient and available resources. Adherence to CAR standards will not assure a successful outcome in every situation. The standards should not be deemed inclusive of all proper methods of care or exclusive of other methods of care reasonably directed to obtaining the same results. The standards are not intended to establish a legal standard of care or conduct, and deviation from a standard does not, in and of itself, indicate or imply that such medical practice is below an acceptable level of care. The ultimate judgment regarding the propriety of any specific procedure or course of conduct must be made by the physician and medical physicist in light of all circumstances presented by the individual situation.
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