Motion-Compensated hand-held common-path Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography probe for image-guided intervention

Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, The Johns Hopkins University, 3400 North Charles Street, Baltimore, MD 21218, USA.
Biomedical Optics Express (Impact Factor: 3.5). 12/2012; 3(12):3105-18. DOI: 10.1364/BOE.3.003105
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT A motion-compensated, hand-held, common-path, Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography imaging probe has been developed for image-guided intervention during microsurgery. A hand-held prototype instrument was achieved by integrating an imaging fiber probe inside a stainless steel needle and attached to the ceramic shaft of a piezoelectric motor housed in an aluminum handle. The fiber probe obtains A-scan images. The distance information was extracted from the A-scans to track the sample surface distance and a fixed distance was maintained by a feedback motor control which effectively compensated hand tremor and target movements in the axial direction. Real-time data acquisition, processing, motion compensation, and image visualization and saving were implemented on a custom CPU-GPU hybrid architecture. We performed 10× zero padding to the raw spectrum to obtain 0.16 µm position accuracy with a compensation rate of 460 Hz. The root-mean-square error of hand-held distance variation from target position was measured to be 2.93 µm. We used a cross-correlation maximization-based shift correction algorithm for topology correction. To validate the system, we performed free-hand OCT M-scan imaging using various samples.

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