Cash transfers and domestic violence

International Food Policy Research Institute, 2033 K St, NW, Washington, DC 20006, USA. Electronic address: .
Journal of Health Economics (Impact Factor: 2.25). 11/2012; 32(1):304-319. DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2012.11.002
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Violence against women is a major health and human rights problem yet there is little rigorous evidence as to how to reduce it. We take advantage of the randomized roll-out of Ecuador's cash transfer program to mothers to investigate how an exogenous increase in a woman's income affects domestic violence. We find that the effect of a cash transfer depends on a woman's education and on her education relative to her partner's. Our results show that for women with greater than primary school education a cash transfer significantly decreases psychological violence from her partner. For women with primary school education or less, however, the effect of a cash transfer depends on her education relative to her partner's. Specifically, the cash transfer significantly increases emotional violence in households where the woman's education is equal to or more than her partner's.

  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Adverse childhood experiences are associated with significant functional impairments and loss of life in adolescence and adulthood. Literature documents the conversion of traumatic emotional experiences in childhood into psychological disorders later in life. The family is one of the most critical risks and resilient factors for mental health in adolescence and emerging adulthood. To estimate the effect of childhood experiences on self-esteem during adulthood in a sample from Baghdad city. This cross-sectional study was conducted in Baghdad city during the period from January 2013 through to January 2014. Multistage sampling techniques were used to choose 13 primary healthcare centers and eight colleges from three universities in Baghdad. Childhood experiences were measured by applying a modified standardized Adverse Childhood Experiences International Questionnaire (ACE-IQ) form. A total of 1040 subjects were surveyed and 1000 responded giving a response rate of 96.2%. The results revealed that 82.7% of the participants were confident within themselves, 14.9% (149) reported to feel a failure, while 28.3% of subjects expressed feeling useless at times. The score for family bonding is expected to significantly increase the score for self-esteem by a mean of 21.48. University, diploma and higher education are expected to significantly decrease the self-esteem score by a mean of - 6.31 compared to those with less than secondary school education. Parents education show statistically insignificant association with the mean score for self-esteem. The findings of this study give an insight into the essential role of childhood experiences in building self-esteem and adaptation later in their life. National health programs are suggested for intervention targeting early adverse childhood experiences and their consequences.
    12/2014; 2014(2):14. DOI:10.5339/qmj.2014.14
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this paper, we focus on the nexus between education, labor supply and domestic violence using household-level data from Turkey in late 2000s. The motivation behind our paper is twofold. First, domestic violence, is highly prevalent and visible even in public domain. Second, we are interested in identifying the causal relationship between labor supply and domestic violence exploiting the Basic Education Reform of 1998 which effectively increased compulsory education from 5 to 8 years. Under a three stage recursive LIML estimation using a conditioned mixed process approach, we find (i) women employment seems to have no impact on physical, psychological and sexual violence, (ii) women's employment however seems to be decreasing economic violence by almost 12 percentage points and (iii) education, measured in years of schooling, seems to have no impact on all four types of violence. The main policy implication is that in a muslim society like Turkey, the general notion that women's empowerment through labour force participation and education will automatically improve women's rights and status both within the household and in the society at large may not be true. However the mitigating impact of female em-ploymen on economic violence does suggest that increased women's empowerment through labour force participation significantly improves her control over household resources. To our knowledge the paper is a first detailed attempt to study the linkage between women empowerment (through employment and education) and different forms of Domestic Violence in Turkey.
  • Source
    Journal of Social Service Research 11/2013; 40(1):62-79. DOI:10.1080/01488376.2013.845127 · 0.44 Impact Factor


Available from
May 20, 2014