Structural and Functional Basis for Therapeutic Modulation of p53 Signaling

Department of Medicine, The Abramson Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.
Clinical Cancer Research (Impact Factor: 8.19). 11/2008; 14(20):6376-86. DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-08-1526
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Effective modulation of structural features and/or functional properties of the major tumor suppressor p53 as a wild-type or cancer-associated mutant protein represents a major challenge in drug development for cancer. p53 is an attractive target for therapeutic design because of its involvement as a mediator of growth arrest and apoptosis after exposure to chemoradiotherapy and/or radiotherapy. Although most clinically used cytotoxic agents target stabilization of wild-type p53, there are a number of approaches that hold promise for reactivation of mutant p53. On the other hand, brief blockade of p53 may reduce toxicity from systemic cytotoxic therapy. Screens for restoration of p53 transcriptional responses in p53-deficient cells may provide a functional means to develop anticancer therapeutics. Structure-based modulation continues to hold promise for development of peptides or small molecules capable of modulation of either wild-type or mutant p53 proteins.

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