Article

Sodium selenite improves folliculogenesis in radiation-induced ovarian failure: a mechanistic approach.

National Center for Radiation Research and Technology, Atomic Energy Authority, Cairo, Egypt.
PLoS ONE (Impact Factor: 3.73). 01/2012; 7(12):e50928. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050928
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Radiotherapy is a major factor contributing to female infertility by inducing premature ovarian failure (POF). Therefore, the need for an effective radioprotective agent is evident. The present study investigated the mechanism of potential radioprotective effect of sodium selenite on radiation-induced ovarian failure and whether sodium selenite can stimulate in-vivo follicular development in experimental rats. Immature female Sprague-Dawely rats were either exposed to gamma-radiation (3.2 Gy, LD(20)), once and/or treated with sodium selenite (0.5 mg/kg), once daily for one week before irradiation. Follicular and oocyte development, apoptotic markers, proliferation marker as well as oxidative stress markers were assessed 24-h after irradiation. In addition, fertility assessment was performed after female rats became completely mature at two months of age. Sodium selenite significantly enhanced follicular development as compared to the irradiated group. Sodium selenite significantly reversed the oxidative stress effects of radiation that was evidenced by increasing in lipid peroxide level and decreasing in glutathione level, and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activity. Assessment of apoptosis and cell proliferation markers revealed that caspase 3 and cytochrome c expressions markedly-increased, whereas, PCNA expression markedly-decreased in the irradiated group; in contrast, sodium selenite treatment prevented these alterations. Histopathological examination further confirmed the radioprotective efficacy of sodium selenite and its in-vivo effect on ovarian follicles' maturation. In conclusion, sodium selenite showed a radioprotective effect and improved folliculogenesis through increasing ovarian granulosa cells proliferation, estradiol and FSH secretion, and GPx activity, whilst decreasing lipid peroxidation and oxidative stress, leading to inhibition of the apoptosis pathway through decreasing the expressions of caspase 3 and cytochrome c.

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    ABSTRACT: The deleterious damage of reproductive function following radiotherapy is of increasing importance. In the present study, we investigated the impact of long-term sodium selenite (SS) treatment on radiotherapy-induced ovarian injury in a rat model. Two-week after radiation exposure vaginal cyclicity was arrested, and serum FSH level was elevated in irradiated female rats. SS significantly ameliorated ovarian and uterine oxidative stress induced by irradiation through decreasing the lipid peroxide level and increasing the glutathione level, and glutathione peroxidase activity. In the presence of SS, ovarian cytochrome c and caspase 3 expressions triggered by radiotherapy were decreased. SS significantly counteracted radiation-induced a widespread loss of ovarian follicles and caused further stimulation of follicular proliferation through enhancing PCNA expression. Despite such alteration in ovarian function, serum estradiol level didn’t change after irradiation, whereas SS significantly increased it. In conclusion, long-term SS treatment improved reproductive development, which was impaired by radiotherapy.
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