The influence of controllable lifestyle on medical student specialty choice
Department of Dermatology and the Institute for Health Policy Studies at the University of California, San Francisco School of Medicine.The virtual mentor : VM 01/2006; 8(8):529-32. DOI: 10.1001/virtualmentor.2006.8.8.msoc1-0608
Article: When Does Gender Matter?[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: In the United States, women physicians remain concentrated in a few specialties despite their increased representation in the profession. Using data from the Association of American Medical Colleges, the American Medical Association, and the National Survey of Attitudes and Choices in Medical Education and Training, this article assesses the extent of gender segregation across specialties for a cohort of physicians from their entry into medical school to 16 years postentry as well as the correlates of specialty aspirations and choices. Analysis reveals that specialty aspirations at entry into schooling are just as gender-different as specialty choices at exit and after. However, while early aspirations map closely onto gender differences in orientations toward medical practice, later choices encompass factors beyond job values, work–family, and encouragement and mentoring from others. These findings highlight the significance of gender in the development of both early preferences and later choices and suggest ways in which we can further our understanding of gender segregation within and beyond the medical profession.Work and Occupations 05/2011; 38(2):221-262. DOI:10.1177/0730888410392319 · 0.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: National planning and management of the physician workforce is a multifaceted, difficult, and even controversial activity. It is an important subset of overall health workforce planning and management, which contributes to a country's having an effective and efficient health care system. This commentary builds on a new survey of specialty considerations by Israeli medical students early in their clinical training, places it in the broader context of health workforce planning, and provides examples of some approaches and activities being taken in the United States that are applicable to other developed countries. This is a commentary on http://www.ijhpr.org/content/1/1/13.Israel Journal of Health Policy Research 03/2012; 1(1):14. DOI:10.1186/2045-4015-1-14
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