Urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin and interleukin-18 predict acute kidney injury after cardiac surgery.
ABSTRACT About 30-50% patients develop acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiac surgery, which is still diagnosed by serum creatinine on clinic. However, the increase of serum creatinine is insensitive and delayed. The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) and interleukin-18 (IL-18) are early biomarkers for AKI in patients after cardiac surgery.
Thirty-three cases undergoing cardiac surgery were classified into an AKI group and non-AKI group, according to the AKI definition (> 26.5 micromol/L increase of serum creatinine, more than or equal to 50% increase of serum creatinine within 48 h, or a reduction in urine output < 0.5 mL/Kg per hour for more than six hours). The concentrations of serum NGAL, urine NGAL, and urine IL-18 at different time-points were measured.
Nine cases (27.27%) developed postoperative AKI, but diagnosis with serum creatinine was 12-48 h postoperation. The concentrations of serum NGAL were not significantly increased postoperation. The concentrations of urine NGAL and IL-18 were significantly increased in the AKI group, which reached the peak at 2-4 h postoperation, and a more significant difference could be seen after correction for urine creatinine. The concentrations of urine NGAL and IL-18 2 h postoperation, either corrected for urine creatinine or not, showed good sensitivity and specificity. Increased levels of urine NGAL and IL-18 2 h postoperation were significantly correlated with increased level of serum creatinine 12 h postoperation. Logistic regression analysis showed that urine NGAL corrected for urine creatinine 2 h postoperation and urine IL-18 2 h postoperation emerged as powerful independent predictors of AKI after cardiac surgery.
The concentrations of urine NGAL and IL-18 could be useful biomarkers for AKI in patients after cardiac surgery, especially after correction for urine creatinine.
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ABSTRACT: Development of acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is relatively common and associated with increased mortality. Recently, plasma neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) was used for prediction of AKI. We evaluated the clinical usefulness of plasma NGAL.Clinical Biochemistry 10/2014; DOI:10.1016/j.clinbiochem.2014.09.019 · 2.23 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Abstract Context: Cardiac surgery. Objective: To compare plasma and urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (P-/U-NGAL) in on-pump (n = 43) versus off-pump (n = 40) surgery. Materials and methods: We obtained perioperative P-/U-NGAL and outcome data. Results: P-/U-NGAL increased after surgery. P-NGAL was higher post-surgery in on pump patients (139 versus 67 µg L(-1); p < 0.001), but not at 24 h. There were no differences in U-NGAL. Correlation between P-/U-NGAL and plasma creatinine was weak. Discussion: P-NGAL acts like a neutrophil activation biomarker and U-NGAL like a tubular injury marker. Conclusion: On-pump patients had greater neutrophil activation. On- versus off-pump surgery had similar impact on tubular cells.Biomarkers 02/2014; 19(1):22-8. DOI:10.3109/1354750X.2013.863974 · 2.52 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Neutrophil gelatinase–associated lipocalin (NGAL) is a 25kDa protein belonging to the lipocalin superfamily. It was initially found in activated neutrophils, however, many other cells, like kidney tubular cells, may produce NGAL in response to various insults. Recently, it has been found to have a role in iron metabolism by virtue of its binding with siderophores. It has also been found to have a role in kidney development and tubular regeneration after injury. In experimental studies, it was found to be highly expressed in response to tubular injury. In subsequent clinical studies, urine NGAL has been found to be an early predictor for acute kidney injury (AKI). Newer devices for early bedside detection of NGAL are now available. Since serum creatinine is known to be an inadequate and late marker of AKI, NGAL might soon emerge as a troponin-like early marker for AKI. Recent evidence also suggests its role as a biomarker in a variety of other renal and non-renal conditions. KeywordsBiomarker-Neutrophil gelatinase–associated lipocalin-NGAL-Acute kidney injury-AKIInternational Urology and Nephrology 03/2009; 42(1):141-150. DOI:10.1007/s11255-009-9608-z · 1.29 Impact Factor