What Do You Know about Reproductive Medicine? - Results of a German Representative Survey.

Department of Medical Psychology and Medical Sociology, University of Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany.
PLoS ONE (Impact Factor: 3.53). 12/2012; 7(12):e50113. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0050113
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The use of reproductive medical treatments has become increasingly routine in recent years. This paper reports on a study of how different aspects of modern reproductive medicine are perceived by the German population.
Findings from a nationally representative sample of 2110 men and women aged 18 to 50 are presented. Participants responded to a questionnaire seeking self-report information about attitudes and knowledge regarding different aspects of reproductive medicine.
The majority of respondents had already heard or read something about reproductive medicine; knowledge gaps were prevalent in men and individuals with lower levels of education. The decrease in female fertility usually was underestimated, whereas both the number of involuntarily childless couples and the success rate of reproductive medical treatment were overestimated. One-third of participants would make use of reproductive medicine to have their own child.
This study revealed inadequacies in the knowledge of the German general population regarding reproductive medicine. Despite the low interest and poor knowledge of the topic, a broad acceptance of reproductive medical methods was reported. The results illustrate the need for adequate information transfer regarding female fertility as well as success rate and risks of reproductive medical interventions.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: OBJECTIVE: To examine the effectiveness of an educational intervention in increasing knowledge of fertility and the effectiveness of IVF among university students in Australia. DESIGN: Two-group, pretest-posttest design. SETTING: A large metropolitan university in Queensland, Australia. PATIENT(S): One hundred thirty-seven male and female undergraduate students. INTERVENTION(S): Online information brochure on fertility (intervention group), or an online information brochure on home ownership (control group). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Knowledge of fertility, knowledge of IVF effectiveness, and desired age at commencement and completion of childbearing, assessed immediately before and after exposure to the brochure. RESULT(S): Exposure to the brochure resulted in significant increases in knowledge of fertility and knowledge of IVF effectiveness in the intervention group and significant decreases in desired age at commencement and completion of childbearing. No changes were observed in the control group. CONCLUSION(S): Educational intervention is a worthwhile endeavor that can increase knowledge of fertility and IVF effectiveness in the short-term. Further research is needed to evaluate whether increased knowledge persists and affects intentions in the longer-term. Because the determinants of timing of childbearing are highly multifactorial, fertility education should be paired with policies and practices that support men and women to make informed decisions about the timing of childbearing.
    Fertility and sterility 04/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.fertnstert.2013.03.050 · 4.30 Impact Factor
  • Source
    Asian Journal of Andrology 11/2014; DOI:10.4103/1008-682X.142142 · 2.14 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Introduction: First childbirth at advanced maternal age has become a growing public health concern due to its increased risks for maternal–fetal health. The present study aimed to characterize the risk knowledge of primiparous women of advanced age and their partners and to examine interindividual variability on risk knowledge depending on sociodemographic and reproductive characteristics. The study also examined the influence of one partner’s risk knowledge on both partners’ psychological distress. Methods: The present study is part of an ongoing longitudinal project focusing on 2 timings of assessment: the prenatal diagnosis visit (time 1) and the third trimester of pregnancy (time 2). A total of 95 primiparous women of advanced age and their partners were consecutively recruited in a Portuguese referral urban hospital. Participants completed a questionnaire on knowledge ofmaternal age-related risks of childbearing at time 1 as well as the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 at time 2. Results: Both partners showed incomplete risk knowledge, with the exception of the impact of maternal age on fertility, the probability to request medical help to conceive, and increased risk of Down syndrome. Women’s risk knowledge did not vary depending on sociodemographic and reproductive characteristics. Male partners with prior infertility and medically assisted reproduction treatments reported higher risk knowledge. Higher risk knowledge in male partners increased psychological distress during pregnancy in both members of the couples. Discussion: The findings indicated that first childbirth at advanced maternal age is rarely an informed reproductive decision, emphasizing the need to develop preventive interventions that may enhance couples’ knowledge of maternal age-related risks. Given the influence of the risk knowledge of male partners on women’s psychological distress, antenatal interventions should be couple-focused. Interventions should inform couples about maternal age-related risks, enhance their perceived control, and promote effective dyadic communication and coping strategies to address risk.
    Journal of midwifery & women's health 09/2014; 59(5). DOI:10.1111/jmwh.12205 · 1.13 Impact Factor


Available from
Jun 1, 2014