Article

Sleep Quality Among U.S. Military Veterans With PTSD: A Factor Analysis and Structural Model of Symptoms

Center for Health Care Evaluation, VA Palo Alto Health Care System, Menlo Park, California, USA
Journal of Traumatic Stress (Impact Factor: 2.72). 12/2012; 25(6):665-74. DOI: 10.1002/jts.21757
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Poor sleep quality among individuals with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is associated with poorer prognosis and outcomes. The factor structure of the most commonly employed measure of self-reported sleep quality, the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), has yet to be evaluated among individuals with PTSD. The current study sought to fill this gap among a sample of 226 U.S. military veterans with PTSD (90% with co-occurring mood disorders, 73.5% with substance use disorders). We evaluated the factor structure of the PSQI by conducting an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) in approximately half of the sample (n = 111). We then conducted a second EFA in the other split half (n = 115). Lastly, we conducted a path analysis to investigate the relations between sleep factors and PTSD symptom severity, after accounting for the relation with depression. Results suggested sleep quality can best be conceptualized, among those with PTSD, as a multidimensional construct consisting of 2 factors, Perceived Sleep Quality and Efficiency/Duration. After accounting for the association between both factors and depression, only the Perceived Sleep Quality factor was associated with PTSD (β = .51). The results provide a recommended structure that improves precision in measuring sleep quality among veterans with PTSD.

0 Followers
 · 
143 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We assessed the relationship between active duty status and daily insufficient sleep in a telephone survey. U.S. military service status (recent defined as past 12 months and past defined as >12 months ago) and daily insufficient sleep in the past 30 days were assessed among 566,861 adults aged 18 to 64 years and 271,202 adults aged ≥65 years in the 2009 to 2010 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System surveys. Among ages 18 to 64 years, 1.1% reported recent active duty and 7.1% had past service; among ages ≥65 years, 0.6% reported recent and 24.6% had past service. Among ages 18 to 64 years, prevalence of daily insufficient sleep was 13.7% among those reporting recent duty, 12.6% for those with past service, and 11.2% for those with no service. Insufficient sleep did not vary significantly with active duty status among ages ≥65 years. After adjustment for sociodemographic characteristics, health behaviors, and frequent mental distress in multivariate logistic regression models, respondents aged 18 to 64 years with recent active duty were 34% more likely and those with past service were 23% more likely to report daily insufficient sleep than those with no service (p < 0.05, both). Adults with either recent or past active duty have a greater risk for daily insufficient sleep. Reprint & Copyright © 2015 Association of Military Surgeons of the U.S.
    Military medicine 01/2015; 180(1):68-76. DOI:10.7205/MILMED-D-14-00158 · 0.77 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Learning and memory for extinction of conditioned fear is a basic mammalian mechanism for regulating negative emotion. Sleep promotes both the consolidation of memory and the regulation of emotion. Sleep can influence consolidation and modification of memories associated with both fear and its extinction. After brief overviews of the behavior and neural circuitry associated with fear conditioning, extinction learning, and extinction memory in the rodent and human, interactions of sleep with these processes will be examined. Animal and human studies suggest that sleep can serve to consolidate both fear and extinction memory. In humans, sleep also promotes generalization of extinction memory. Time-of-day effects on extinction learning and generalization are also seen. Rapid eye movement (REM) may be a sleep stage of particular importance for the consolidation of both fear and extinction memory as evidenced by selective REM deprivation experiments. REM sleep is accompanied by selective activation of the same limbic structures implicated in the learning and memory of fear and extinction. Preliminary evidence also suggests extinction learning can take place during slow wave sleep. Study of low-level processes such as conditioning, extinction, and habituation may allow sleep effects on emotional memory to be identified and inform study of sleep's effects on more complex, emotionally salient declarative memories. Anxiety disorders are marked by impairments of both sleep and extinction memory. Improving sleep quality may ameliorate anxiety disorders by strengthening naturally acquired extinction. Strategically timed sleep may be used to enhance treatment of anxiety by strengthening therapeutic extinction learned via exposure therapy. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).
    Psychological Bulletin 04/2015; DOI:10.1037/bul0000014 · 14.39 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Physical inactivity is linked to health outcomes such as obesity, diabetes, and psychiatric disorders. Sleep disturbance has been linked to the same adverse outcomes. We examine the influence of sleep on physical activity as a novel approach to understand these relationships. Specifically, our objective was to determine whether low sleep quality predicts low physical activity in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a disorder associated with sleep disturbance, physical inactivity, and poor health outcomes.
    Journal of clinical sleep medicine: JCSM: official publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine 01/2014; 10(7):795-801. DOI:10.5664/jcsm.3878 · 2.83 Impact Factor

Full-text

Download
93 Downloads
Available from
Jun 1, 2014