Obesity Utilization and Health-Related Quality of Life in Medicare Enrollees.
ABSTRACT The obese, with disproportionate chronic disease incidence, consume a large share of health care resources and drive up per capita Medicare spending. This study examined the prevalence of obesity and its association with health status, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), function, and outpatient utilization among Medicare Advantage seniors. Results indicate that obese beneficiaries, much more than overweight beneficiaries, have poorer health, functions, and HRQOL than normal weight beneficiaries and have substantially higher outpatient utilization. While weight loss is beneficial to both the overweight and obese, the markedly worse health status and high utilization of obese beneficiaries may merit particular attention.
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ABSTRACT: Obesity is a chronic, progressive, multifactorial medical condition. It is known that obesity is associated with cardiovascular disease, metabolic disorders, degenerative joint disorders, and decreased health-related quality of life (HRQoL). In addition, there are socio-economic, gender, age, and racial differences in the population distribution of obesity. The extent to which HRQoL is impaired by obesity independent of associated chronic disease and known demographic risk factors is less well understood by nurses. A secondary analysis of the National Health Measurement Study (NHMS) was conducted to illustrate this relationship. Regression analyses were used to assess the association between body mass index (BMI) and HRQol. BMI was categorized as normal, overweight, obese, and morbidly obese. HRQoL was measured using the EQ-5D and EQ-VAS. After adjusting for chronic health conditions and demographic factors, lower HRQoL was observed as BMI category increased for both the EQ-5D, F = 40.49, 15 df, p < .001, and EQ-VAS, F = 35.5, 15 df, p < .001.Western Journal of Nursing Research 01/2014; · 1.38 Impact Factor