Preservation of peritoneal fibrinolysis owing to decreased transcription of plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 in peritoneal mesothelial cells suppresses postoperative adhesion formation in laparoscopic surgery

Department of Gastroenterological and Transplant Surgery, Applied Life Sciences, Institute of Biomedical and Health Sciences, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan.
Surgery (Impact Factor: 3.11). 12/2012; 153(3). DOI: 10.1016/j.surg.2012.07.037
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Postoperative adhesion formation is regulated by peritoneal fibrinolysis, which is determined by tissue-type plasminogen activator (tPA) and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1). This study compared peritoneal fibrinolysis and adhesion formation after laparoscopic surgery (LAP) and open surgery (OP). METHODS: We divided 154 male rats into 3 groups after cecal cauterization: Control, no treatment; LAP, CO(2) pneumoperitoneum at 5 mmHg for 60 minutes; and OP, laparotomy for 60 minutes. Adhesions were quantified at day 7. The activity and mRNA level of tPA and PAI-1 were determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in plasma and peritoneal lavage and by real-time polymerase chain reaction in peritoneal mesothelial cells from omentum. We also examined peritoneal fibrinolysis in human gastric cancer patients treated with LAP (n = 14) or OP (n = 10). RESULTS: In the animal study, adhesion scores, PAI-1 activity in peritoneal lavage fluid, and PAI-1 mRNA levels in peritoneal mesothelium were significantly greater in the OP group than the control and LAP groups. In the human study, postoperative PAI-1 mRNA levels were significantly greater in the OP group than the LAP group. Additionally, PAI-1 mRNA levels and subsequent adhesion formation were induced by prolonged operative time in the OP group, but not the LAP group. CONCLUSION: Preservation of peritoneal fibrinolysis owing to decreased PAI-1 expression at the transcriptional level in peritoneal mesothelial cells is associated with suppression of postoperative adhesion formation in LAP. PAI-1 mRNA levels and subsequent adhesion formation were not induced by prolonged operative time in LAP. These results highlight the less invasiveness nature of LAP.

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